Thursday, September 17, 2020 Afghan peace talks Editor- in- Chief: Azfar Ashary Executive Editor: Manzar Naqvi Editor: Agha Masood Hussain Resident Editor ( Islamabad): Munawar Naqvi Editor- at- Large: Mohammed Arifeen Momentous talks held in Qatar on ending war in Afghanistan. After practically the war that has killed tens of thousands, peace talks between the Afghanistan government and the Tali ban have opened i n Qatar's ca pi t al . Abdullah spoke about pursuing a f ormal and lasting peace. Baradar, reiterated his group's demand for the country to adopt an Islamic system. Afghanistan wants to be an independent, developed country, and it should have a form of Islamic system, where all its citizens see th emselves deemed. I t i s not clea r whether any peace deal will tackle major concerns of the Afghan population such as a preservation of the r ights and freedoms that have been constitutionally confirmed to them. The Afghan government backs the current democratic political system, while the Taliban wants to reinforce its interpretation of Islamic law as the country's system of conduct . The Taliban group has, however, given not clear at ti t ude on adopting a l ess str i ct st ance towards women and social equality than durin g t hei r 1996- 2001 rul e, during which women were banned from attending school, working, taking part in politics or even leaving their homes without a male family member. About 52, 000 dis pla ce d f rom t heir homes. The Afghan government's agenda for the talks is to have a stable permanent ceasefire, but experts stated that it will be hard to accomplish as the Taliban's only bargaining slice has been their military strength on the ground. The Taliban should observe these talks as a good political chance. If they continue to f ight on the ground to put pressure, there are few chances of the talks being successful. Peace demands collaboration from all sides and that means give and take should be made to acquire a political solution to end this war. During six months of the year 2020, about 1,300 civilians, including hundreds of children, have been killed in Afghanistan. In July only Presi dent Ghani stated about 3,560 Afghan National Defense and Security Forces were ki lled and 6,780 more wounded in Taliban attacks between February 29 and July 21 current year. The opening ceremony of Afghan peace talks came following a day after the 19th anniversary of the 9/ 11 attacks on the United States . Peace talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government have opened in Qatar, with the hostile parties meeting and facing each other f or the first time to finish practically twenty years of war. Top diplomats from different other countries, including the United States, and representatives from global organization for example like the United Nations, made their opening remarks, many of them virtually owing to the coronavirus restriction. I n the negotiations the Afghan sides are anticipated to tackle issues including terms of everlasting ceasefire, the rights of women and minorities, and the disarming of Taliban fighters loyal to warlords. They are also anticipated to debate constitutional changes and power- sharing during the discussion in Doha, where the Taliban have a political office. In his opening speech, Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thana, the f oreign minister of host Qatar, requested the Afghan parties to keep an unbiased mind during the talks. The long- conflict parties must make the resolute decision in accordance with the current challenges and raise above all forms of segregation and honour the desire and plan of their people. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated the talks are anticipated to be confrontational and that the result is completely up to the Afghans, and not the US. He supported the sides to take the opportunity to strike a comprehensive peace deal. Turkey's foreign minister welcomed the peace talks, describing them as a t rue chance for peace in Afghanistan, and calling for a fair and permanent deal at the end of the process. I t was ready to contribute to the peace negotiation in any way possible, as well as inviting another round of talks if required. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, in a video statement, said China would like to see the Afghan factions reach a political settlement for ending the dispute through a process led by them. He urged the Afghans to r each a thorough based and structure for peace in their country. Mr Yi wants a systematic and responsible withdrawal of fore ig n forces f rom Afghanistan. Pakistan's Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi, speaking through a video link from Pakistan, stated that it supported an Afghanled and Afghan- owned process f or peace in Afghanistan and would back the concurrence that appeared from the talks. He also called for an end to violence and guaranteeing that Afghan soil was not used f or terrorism outside its borders . Mr Qureshi mentioned plans for economic engagement, reconstruction and a time- schedule return of refugees should also be made. He mentioned the US turning its back on the region after Soviet withdrawal f rom Afghanistan; he advised t he world against repeating the mistakes of the past and leaving Afghanistan this time after a peace settlement. The Doha talks should welcome national sovereignty and territorial righteousness of Afghanistan, advance human r i ghts and democracy, guarantee interest of minorities, women and the helpless, effectively tackle vi olence across t he country. The Afghan peace council chief particularly referred to the constitution, elections, fr eedom of speech, rights of women and minorities, rule of law and civil and political rights as the s made over the years that would have to be preserved . About withdrawal of foreign forces, he emphasized that it should be conditionbased because result of the war would not only be limited to Afghanistan, but could go f urther t o t he neighboring countri es and beyond. The United States began reducing its troop levels in Afghanistan after the signing of the agreement with Taliban in Doha on February 29. The US government is schedulin g t o have l ess t han 4,500 t r oops i n Afghanistan by l ate October down fr om approximately 13,000 at the start of the year. About r ela ti ons with t he e xternal world, Mullah Baradar stated Taliban would desire Afghanistan to have good relations with its neighbours and the rest of the world in the future also Honorary Advisory Board Tariq Iqbal Khan, FCA Amir Abbas Ashary Sikandar Ali Shah Nuzaira Azam ( U. S. A) Asim Abbas Ashary, CPA Shiraz Ahmed Siddiqui Dr. A. Hadi Shahid, FCA Mubasher Mir M. Zaheer Quindeel Syed Ibne Hassan Head office 111- C, Jami Commercial Street 11, Phase VII, DHA Karachi Telephone: 92- 21- 35311893- 6 Fax: 92- 21- 35388428 URL: www. thefinancialdaily. com Email Address: editor@ thefinancialdaily. com Lahore office 24- Peshawar Block, Fortress Stadium, Lahore Telephone: 92- 42- 6675595 Fax: 92- 42- 6664349 Email Address: editor@ thefinancialdaily. com Disclaimer: All reports and recommendations have been prepared for your information only. Summary and Analysis are not r ecom mendation to buy or sell. This information shou ld only be used by investors who are aware of the risk inherent in securitie s trading. The facts , information, data, indicators and charts presented have b een obtained from s ources believed to be reliable, but their accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. The Financial Daily International and its employees are not responsible for any loss arising from use of these reports and re commendations. CPC: A force behind China's power ity after being named party general secretary in 2012, effectively becoming leader for life. He took over as leader of the military to head party bodies that oversee economic reform and other important issues. It was a break with two previous generations of l eadership, which were based on consensus among members of the ruling party's inner circle of power, the Standing Committee. That has allowed Xi to push through ambitious plans, including the multibillion- dollar Belt and Road Initiative, to expand trade by building ports, railways and other traderelated infrastructure across Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Undoubtedly, inspired by the Russian Revolution, the CPC was founded in 1921 on the principles of Marxism- Leninism. Tensions between t he Communist party and the nationalist Kuomintang, its primary rival, erupted into a civil war from which the Communists emerged victorious in 1949. Despite China's market reforms in the late 1970s, the modern Chinese state remains a Leninist system, like those of Cuba, North Korea, and Laos. Since 2012 President Xi Jinping came to power, he has consolidated his control over the infamously party, with many experts calling him the most influential Chinese leader since Mao Zedong. In 2017, the CPC reaffirmed President Xi Jinping's dominance and elevated new officials to support him in s etting the agenda for t he one of the la rgest economies in the world. The CPC relies on three pillars: control of personnel, propaganda, and the People's Liberation Army. Around 70 percent of its nearly ninety million mem- bers are men; farmers, herdsmen, and fishermen make up roughly 30 percent of its membership. The CPC convenes its National Party Congress ( NPC) every five years to set major policies and choose the Central Committee, which comprises around 370 members and alternates including ministers, senior regulatory officials, provincial leaders, and military officers. The Central Committee acts as a sort of board of directors for the CPC, and its mandate is to select the Politburo, which has twenty- five members. In turn, the Politburo elects through backroom negotiations the Politburo Standing Committee, which functions as the epicenter of the CPC's power and leadership. The Standing Committee currently has seven members, but membership has ranged from five to nine people. Xi, who took over from Hu Jintao in 2012, sits atop the system as general secretary. He is also the president and head of the military, exerting enormous influence in setting government policy. The premier, Li Keqiang, heads the State Council, China's equivalent of a cabinet. As long as China's power politics & its transition are concerned, the party leadership succession is decided through internal negotiations. These complex dynamics can be seen in Xi's extensive anticorruption campaign. While corruption crackdowns are not uncommon following a transfer of power, the scope of Xi's campaign has been unprecedented and with these initiatives President Xi Jinping is targeting some two million officials since late 2012. Experts argue that the anti- graft movement, though extremely popular among Chinese people, may alienate some elites and paralyze governance at lower levels for fear of falling under the party corruption watchdog's suspicions. The 18th Party Congress in 2012 marked the peaceful transition of China's leadership from Hu to Xi, then the 19th congress in 2017 solidified Xi's ascent as a decisive leader. In the reform era that followed the death of Chairman Mao and his personality cult, Deng Xiaoping steered the party from strongman rule to consensus rule ( or even collective leadership) among the elite and institutionalized the transfer of power from one le ader to the next, with each president serving a maximum of two five- year terms. These principles had dictated leadership succession since the early 1980s. In March 2018, the congress amended China's constitution to roll back term limits for China's president, paving the way for Xi to remain officially in power beyond 2022. No doubt that CPC is in firm control of the People's Republic of China and transformed China from less developed country to one of the most scientifically advanced country of the world. The CPC decision making is based on democratic Centralism and has not only succeeded in feeding more than one billion Chinese people but has considerably raised their living standard. We can rightly mention CPC as a force behind China's Social, economic and political power. T he Communist Party of China ( CPC) which is under constant fi re of western media and US President who have been mentioning i t ti me and again, especiall y during t he COVID- 19 t enure . CPC is going to complete 100 years of its establishment in July 2021. Maintaining political grip since its inception almost ten decades ago, the CPC has witnessed country's rapid economic growth and rise as a global power: facing challenges abroad and at home simultaneously, during the times of crises like economic inequality and the coronavirus pandemic. The present escalating row between US & China over blame for the coronavirus pandemic is fast becoming a battle over the CPC's legitimacy, raising the stakes in an already fraught relationship. In castigating China for its failure to contain the outbreak, senior US officials have gone out of their way to portray the crisis as a deadly illustration of the threat that Communist party rule poses the Chinese people - and the world beyond. This need to know about CPC and its functioning, role and strength. President Xi Jinping, who is the supreme leader of the CPC has acquired power in 2012, has accrued more political power than any Chinese leader since Chairman Mao Zedong. Xi has amassed vast author- Syed Ali Nawaz Gilani The writer i s Secretary- General Pakistan- China Friendship Association Khyber Chapter & President Radio China Listener' s Club hi s email syeed, gil ani@ gmail. com Adapting to the 21st century skills cute, and i mplement plans about t heir departments and domains. In 1908, t he Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration was the fi rst t o establish an MBA program. It comprised 15 faculty members and 33 regular students. I t s f i r st - year curr i culu m was bas ed on Fr ederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management. This paved way for graduate schools across t he world to produce MBA graduates who facilitated the daily operatio ns of businesses and corporations. The companies needed human resource, the graduate schools - or the academia as we call t hem - were producing it for th em. During t he 1940s to 2000s, students were required and more o ften compelled t o rot e le arn the concepts and th eories t hey studied at school, college, and university. This was done for a reason. There was scarce and t o- the- point i nformation abo ut t he subjects, the jobs were few and every j ob was more or less standardi zed. Furthermore, the educational standards were also not developed duri ng t he 1960s and 1970s. Anyone with a degree in bachelor in science or a bachelor in commerce was considered good enough to get a job. Since t he jo b market was not saturated, anyone with a good grade i n bachelors would be hired. However, technology brought another revolution i n our lives. Where i t produced gadgets and equipment t o help us complete work effectively and efficient ly, it also began giving us information about l ife and career. Google, for instance, opened a gateway t o knowledge that was previ ously available only i n books for which one had to vi si t the li brary. Newspapers and magazines too were not bought by everyone and t elevisi on channels to o t elecast ed controlled content. The advent of t he Internet , however, changed how an av erage human vi ewed the world. As companies began hirin g people for jobs that did not exist before, business schools began t o offer degre e pr og r ams t hat were non- exi st ent befor e . Universiti es also exp anded t heir domains and the degree programs they offered produced graduates that were required by the companies. These companies were being referred to as the corporate sector and with it the game plan changed. Today, as we are about the enter into 2021 i n three months, our universities and business schools are offering degree programs t hat are rendering programs from 2010 obsolete. Data science, data mining, AI are s ome of t he f e w prog r a ms off er ed t o s t ude nts . Moreover, t he concept of rote le arni ng i s also now almost obsolete. Gone are t he days when the i nformati on was available at key points - such as in course books, with faculty members, or in t he li brary. This information along with it s pros, cons, vary ing aspects, industry applications i s easily and readi ly avai la ble on the Internet i n the form of documents, documentaries, te xt, and interviews. Students, therefore, know more about th e topics th ey study at t he university even before t hey take admission. The roles are reversed. During t he 1940s to 2000s, students ro te learned t opics to repro duce th em i n examinations t o get good gr ades so t hey can secure a j ob. These days t he students are al ready doing some f orm of f reelance work even bef ore t hey complete their graduation. They do not have t o r ot e learn an ything because of various f a ct or s . Fi r s t , i n f or mati on i s b ei ng a dde d a nd repl aced with each passing week. Second, in format io n overload compels people t o l earn skil ls and activit i es i nst ead of le arning th e process by hear t. In t he ne ar f uture , e xaminat i ons wi l l al s o be come obsolete. Stud en ts' f actor f or success will b e ju dged how swiftly th ey le arn and unlearn a skill and how t h ey a ppl y i t i n t h ei r l i f e f or pe r s on al a nd pr ofessional success. S oon af t e r t he f i r s t and t he s econ d i ndustri al r evolu - t ions t hat emerged during t he 18th and 19th century r e spe cti vel y, t he worl d businesses began to turn t hemselves i nto enterprises. They began catering t o t he nee ds of t he con - sumers. This was t he ti me when the corporate sector was given a new shape. Such companies provided goods and services to the populati on based on their psychographics and behavioral aspects. To run a business, a company requires a human resour ce. From the gatekeeper to clerks, from drivers t o typists, from office boys to chief executives. Companies needed such a resource and i n bulk quantities. They needed people who could adjust in the corporate cycle and k now how t o pe r f or m act i vi t i e s r el ate d t o accounting, fi nance, marketing, sales, advertisi ng, managing human resources among ot hers. It also requi red employees to plan, organize, coordinate, exe- Muhammad Omar Iftikhar The writer is a columnist, author, speaker and currently working at a business management institute in Karachi. He can be reached at: omariftikhar@ hotmail. com The art of losing y ou . But when y o u e x p r e s s yo ur gr ud ge s y ou beca me vulner able t o others f eeli ngs and t houghts about yourse l f. And most of t i me t he r eacti on i s more painf ul t h an t he pr oblem i t s el f . Where you express your nee ds i n f r ont of ot her t han Allah, and beg f or i t Allah l eave you t he re. We ar e so overconf i dent about our r el at i onships t hat we i gnore Allah' s pr omise t hat He i s with patient . This confid en ce i s r esu l t of bei ng on t he t op, being t he wi n n er, be i ng t h e pr i o r i t y i n ot he r s ' l i v es . Actually we cannot t oler ate oth ers a nd do not t r y t o understand t he m beca use of our f eeling of super i ori t y. This i s t he point where we need t he ar t of l osi ng. I t s l i f e, understand i t , pri ori t i es get change d. Have a l ook at your l i f e, you must have c ha nged your pr i or i t i es many t i mes. There a re many people i n our l i ves who c ome a nd g o a nd change t he i r posit i on i n p r i or i t y l i s t . When we can change i t , oth er ca n t oo. We may be pr i or i t y i n s omeone ' s l i f e, but we can l ose t his s pa ce t oo. Learn t he ar t of l osing your s pace t o avoid pai n. Thi s i s one of t he r eas on why pe ople get f r ustr ated on l osin g t heir s pac e i n r el ations hi ps , i n business dea l s, i n offi ces and a mong fr i ends . Despite noti c i ng humi l i t y we cannot be pos ses sive about t hat pe rs on. I t ' s j ust because we don' t want t o "unhook our f i sh" . My sugges t i on i s , j ust l et i t go. When we have t i ght ec onomic phase i n l i f e a nd want t o ach i eve as per our wishes . The sens e of l a cki ng a chi evements l eads t o deprivation. I n my opin - i on f eeling of deprivati on i s worse t han sc arc i t y. People t hi nk of suicid e and some t i mes commi t s ui - c i de out of f rus t r at i on beca us e of f eeli ng of l agging behin d i n ac hie ve ment. Actually i n t his fr ust rat i on t he y ar e l os e everythi ng t hat f utu r e may offe r t o t he m. I n my expe ri e nc e abr oad we ar e l osing weight but not adopt i ng new t ast e of food . This i s anot he r e xpr ession of s t i cking with somet hi ng we a re com - f ortabl e with. I nst ead of being grat eful t o t he avail - a bl e we ar e constantl y nourishing our f eel i ng of deprivation . So, l et's not t hink out of t he box, j ust j ump out of t he box t o enjoy l i f e. Belie ve Al l ah's pla ns , you will get your s har e of money, l ove, j ob and st atus. J ust stop humilia t i ng and degrading yourselves i n gr eed of getting everyt hi ng. Be pati ent, l ear n t o l ose, wait f or y our t ur n. You will defi nitely get "what i s meant f or y ou" . I i nt en t i ona l l y avoid t o wri t e "t he bes t ", because t he be st i s again an "I l l usio n". We h av e t o unders t and t hat "Allah l oves Sabrin". So, i nst e ad of b ei ng str es sed on l os i ng t he des i r ed, be gr ateful what you ha ve . I am not at al l dis coura ging t he str uggle and pr omoting i nactiv i t y. I am only su ggest i ng t h at aft er putt i ng your bes t effor t s when you do not get som et hi ng des i r ed l earn t o l os e i t f or t he s ake of pea ce of mind. T he most beneficial art t o l i ve f or me i s t he a r t o f l o s i n g . The a r t we h a v e n e ve r be en t aught anywhere at ho me , a t u n i ve r s i t y, i n s o c i e t y o r c om muni t y. Th i s Ha de e s b y Hazr a t Muhammad ( S AAW) i s ve ry ra rel y discus sed. He said "I f you avoid fi ghting and sur r ender des pi t e o f be i ng r i g h t , t a k e y ou r r eward f r om me at Hoz- e- Kosar ( Pond i n par adise ). Alt hough we he ard t his verse f rom Quran t hat "Alla h i s wi t h Sabrin ( Pati ent)". However we do n ot act accordi ng t o i t . After express i ng o ur gr udges and pouri ng our share of f uel t o agitation, when we have t o f ace conseq uence we say we ar e prac t i cing Sabar. When you t ol er ate i n any r elati ons hip Allah he l ps Anbreen Yasin Khan The writer is studying PhD Sociology at University of Airlangga, Indonesia. She is also training consult for various government and non- government institutions of Pakistan. 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