India expects to break logjam in climate talks
CANCUN: An Indian proposal could break a deadlock between rich and poor countries over how to share the burdens of tackling global warming, India's environment minister said on Thursday before heading to U.N. climate talks in Mexico.
India's environment minister Jairam Ramesh said a proposal that would require countries to report what actions they are taking to fight global warming could win critical support from the United States and increase chances that representatives at the U.N. climate talks could reach a broader agreement.
"It is basically meant to break the logjam and it is basically meant to bring the U.S. in because without some progress in (transparency) the U.S. is not going to come on board," Ramesh said before traveling to the summit.
Ramesh's hopeful assessment came on a day that the U.N. released more pessimistic climate news. It said 2010 would be one of the top three hottest years on record.
India recently released a plan that countries-rich or rapidly developing-that contribute more than 1 percent of global greenhouse gases should report their actions and their emissions to the United Nations every three years.
Jonathan Pershing, the deputy U.S. climate negotiator, was not immediately available to comment on Ramesh's assessment. But on Wednesday he told reporters there was hope the United States and India could move forward on the issue of measuring, reporting and verifying emissions. "Coming in, it was quite clear that we were converging," Pershing said. "But we've not yet reached agreement."
The Indian proposal would not penalize poor countries if they did not meet pledges on emissions reductions. For the United States, an agreement with India could put pressure on China to come on board or risk looking like it is not doing enough to fight global warming. India's Ramesh said an agreement on so-called transparency could lead to bigger agreements on climate, like protecting forests and financing. -Ap