Stick to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment

The Pak Banker - - Editorial5 - Dai Bing­guo

The CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee's Pro­posal for For­mu­lat­ing the 12th Five-Year Plan for China's Eco­nomic and So­cial Devel­op­ment adopted by the Fifth Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 17th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee has drawn the grand blue­print for China's devel­op­ment in the next five years. It is re­it­er­ated in the part on ex­ter­nal re­la­tions that China stands firmly for peace, devel­op­ment and co­op­er­a­tion, pur­sues the in­de­pen­dent for­eign pol­icy of peace, sticks to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment and the win-win strat­egy of open­ing-up, safe­guards China's sovereignty, se­cu­rity and devel­op­ment in­ter­ests, and is ready to work with other coun­tries to build a har­mo­nious world of last­ing peace and com­mon pros­per­ity. This ex­plains fully China's ex­ter­nal stance, its path of devel­op­ment, its goal and the way to achieve the goal. There­fore, it has great rel­e­vance and far-reach­ing sig­nif­i­cance to China's diplo­macy un­der the new cir­cum­stances. 1: Why has China cho­sen the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment?

To stick to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment is not an im­pul­sive de­ci­sion. On the con­trary, it is a care­fully con­sid­ered choice based on our anal­y­sis of the great changes that have taken place in the world, in China and in China's re­la­tions with the rest of the world. We re­al­ize that we must adapt to the chang­ing sit­u­a­tion and fol­low a path that suits the trend of world devel­op­ment and China's na­tional con­di­tions.

The world is un­der­go­ing ex­ten­sive and pro­found changes. Eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion and devel­op­ment of in­for­ma­tion technology are gain­ing mo­men­tum. Sci­ence and technology are ad­vanc­ing fast. The world is get­ting smaller and has be­come a "global vil­lage". Coun­tries are more closely linked and in­ter­de­pen­dent with their in­ter­ests more closely in­te­grated than ever be­fore. They find more ar­eas of com­mon in­ter­ests and more is­sues that need joint re­sponse. They want to en­gage in mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial co­op­er­a­tion more than ever be­fore. To some ex­tent, the world has be­come a com­mu­nity of in­ter­ests. No coun­try, even the most pow­er­ful ones, can stand alone and sur­vive. The be­hav­ior of one coun­try will have an im­pact not only on it­self, but also on other coun­tries. Those self­ish prac­tices of con­quer­ing or threat­en­ing oth­ers by force, or seek­ing devel­op­ment space and re­sources by non-peace­ful means are los­ing ground. It has also be­come very un­pop­u­lar for some coun­tries to iden­tify friends and foes on the ba­sis of ide­ol­ogy and gang up un­der var­i­ous pre­texts in quest of dom­i­nance of world af­fairs. In re­sponse to in­creas­ing risks and chal­lenges, the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity has opted for peace, devel­op­ment and co­op­er­a­tion, which is the ir­re­sistible trend of the times. Coun­tries should con­sider them­selves pas­sen­gers in the same boat and cross the river peace­fully to­gether in­stead of fight­ing one an­other and try­ing to push one an­other off the boat.

China is un­der­go­ing ex­ten­sive and pro­found trans­for­ma­tion. More than 30 years of re­form and open­ing -up has brought about earth-shak­ing changes in the coun­try: from "tak­ing class strug­gle as the key prin­ci­ple" to fo­cus­ing on eco­nomic devel­op­ment and build­ing so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion on all fronts, from planned econ­omy to so­cial­ist mar­ket econ­omy through re­form across the board, from a closed so­ci­ety and over em­pha­sis on self-re­liance to open­ing up and in­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion, from em­pha­sis on ide­ol­ogy in ex­ter­nal re­la­tions to ad­vo­cat­ing har­mo­nious co-ex­is­tence of var­i­ous so­cial sys­tems and devel­op­ment mod­els and de­vel­op­ing ex­ter­nal re­la­tions in an all-round way. All this calls on us to act in light of the ba­sic na­tional con­di­tions and fea­tures of devel­op­ment at the cur­rent stage of our coun­try, deepen the re­form and open­ing-up and ac­cel­er­ate the trans­for­ma­tion of eco­nomic growth pat­tern.

China's re­la­tions with the rest of the world have also un­der­gone his­toric changes. With deep­en­ing re­form and open­ing up and sus­tained eco­nomic and so­cial devel­op­ment, China is in­creas­ingly in­te­grated into the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity and closely con­nected with the world. Its fu­ture and destiny is in­creas­ingly linked with that of the world. China can­not de­velop in iso­la­tion of the world. And the world can­not achieve pros­per­ity and sta­bil­ity with­out China. If we fail to man­age well our re­la­tions with the rest of the world, we might miss the devel­op­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties pro­vided by the over­all peace in the world, rel­a­tive sta­bil­ity in re­la­tions be­tween ma­jor coun­tries and fast progress in new sci­ence and technology revo­lu­tion in the first 20 years of the new cen­tury. 2: What is the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment? Stick­ing to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment is a brand new devel­op­ment path put for­ward by the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Com­rade Hu Jin­tao as the Gen­er­alSec­re­tary on the ba­sis of the fea­tures of the times, China's na­tional con­di­tions, do­mes­tic and in­ter­na­tional sit­u­a­tions, and devel­op­ment ex­pe­ri­ences and lessons of other ma­jor coun­tries. This is a ma­jor de­ci­sion on China's devel­op­ment strat­egy and a ma­jor state­ment of China's ex­ter­nal strat­egy.

In my view, there are five fea­tures of this path. First, the peace­ful na­ture of devel­op­ment. China will not en­gage in in­va­sion, plun­der­ing, war or ex­pan­sion that Western pow­ers used to prac­tice. Our strength will be har­nessed to serve world peace and in­te­grate devel­op­ment with peace.

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