Stick to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment

The Pak Banker - - Editorial5 - Dai Bing­guo

Sec­ond, the in­de­pen­dent na­ture of devel­op­ment. In­de­pen­dence is the fun­da­men­tal fea­ture of China's diplo­macy. And self-re­liance is our fine tra­di­tion. Over the past 30 years and more, in our ef­forts to de­velop the coun­try, we have mainly re­lied on re­form and openingup, our own wis­dom and hard work, ex­pand­ing do­mes­tic de­mand and trans­form­ing eco­nomic growth pat­tern. Third, the sci­en­tific na­ture of devel­op­ment. Ac­cord­ing to the re­quire­ment of the Sci­en­tific Out­look on Devel­op­ment that puts peo­ple first and pur­sues com­pre­hen­sive, co­or­di­nated and sus­tain­able devel­op­ment, we have in­ten­si­fied ef­forts to pro­mote sound and fast eco­nomic devel­op­ment and the build­ing of a har­mo­nious so­ci­ety with a view to se­cur­ing a sound do­mes­tic en­vi­ron­ment for peace­ful devel­op­ment. Fourth, the co­op­er­a­tive na­ture of devel­op­ment. China is a mem­ber of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. It best serves our own and oth­ers' in­ter­ests to co­op­er­ate with oth­ers, and share in­ter­ests and re­spon­si­bil­i­ties. In ex­ter­nal re­la­tions, we ad­vo­cate friend­ship in­stead of an­i­mos­ity, co­op­er­a­tion in­stead of con­fronta­tion, trust in­stead of sus­pi­cion, and treat­ing each other as equals in­stead of im­pos­ing one's will on oth­ers. Fifth, com­mon devel­op­ment. China's na­tional in­ter­ests are con­sis­tent with the com­mon in­ter­ests of mankind. In de­vel­op­ing it­self, China aims to achieve com­mon devel­op­ment with other coun­tries and never does any­thing at the ex­pense of oth­ers. We know full well that if a coun­try wants to de­velop it­self, it must let oth­ers de­velop too. If a coun­try wants to have se­cu­rity, it must make oth­ers feel safe too. And if a coun­try wants a bet­ter life, it must let oth­ers have it too. 3: What is China's di­rec­tion and strate­gic in­ten­tion? Af­ter over 30 years of re­form and open­ing up, es­pe­cially af­ter China suc­cess­fully hosted the Bei­jing Olympic Games and with­stood the test of the in­ter­na­tional fi­nan­cial cri­sis, the world has shown a stronger in­ter­est in China's strate­gic di­rec­tion. Let me point out that China's strate­gic in­ten­tion is not as com­plex or un­fath­omable as some peo­ple may think. Nor is there any hid­den agenda or am­bi­tion. In fact, China's strate­gic in­ten­tion can be de­fined in two words: peace­ful devel­op­ment, i.e. har­mony and devel­op­ment at home and peace and co­op­er­a­tion abroad. This is what we must fo­cus on and achieve - not just this gen­er­a­tion but for gen­er­a­tions to come. This is the pol­icy that will not change in 100 years or 1,000 years. To be spe­cific, we need to achieve the goal by peace­ful means, by con­tin­ued re­form and im­prove­ment of our own sys­tem, and through hard work, cre­ativ­ity and in­ge­nu­ity of the Chi­nese peo­ple, and long-term friendly co­ex­is­tence, equal­ity and mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial co­op­er­a­tion with other coun­tries.

This way, the Chi­nese peo­ple, ac­count­ing for one-fifth of the world's to­tal pop­u­la­tion, will rid them­selves of poverty and lead a bet­ter life. This way, China will de­velop into a coun­try where peo­ple are con­tented, so­ci­ety is har­mo­nious, and po­lit­i­cal, ma­te­rial, cul­tural and en­vi­ron­men­tal devel­op­ment pro­ceeds in a bal­anced way. This way, China will be­come a most re­spon­si­ble and law-abid­ing mem­ber of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. In this process, we will de­velop so­cial­ist democ­racy and po­lit­i­cal sys­tem in light of China's na­tional con­di­tions. In a word, the Chi­nese peo­ple have suf­fered long enough from poverty. Our great­est and only strate­gic in­ten­tion is to live a bet­ter life, where ev­ery day is bet­ter than the pre­vi­ous one. We wish the same for all the peo­ple in the world. The CPC has termed this process "peace­ful devel­op­ment" and the ways and means to achieve peace­ful devel­op­ment "the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment". As one may no­tice, this path has been solemnly in­cor­po­rated into the Re­port at the 17th Party Congress and re­it­er­ated in the pro­posal for the 12th Five-Year Plan at the lat­est ple­nary ses­sion. This speaks vol­umes about CPC's sin­cer­ity and re­solve to stick to the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment. 4: How to see China's devel­op­ment? Af­ter over 30 years of re­form and open­ing-up, China has achieved re­mark­able progress in its eco­nomic and so­cial devel­op­ment. In re­cent years, in par­tic­u­lar, China's devel­op­ment has at­tracted even more in­ter­na­tional at­ten­tion. Many think that China is al­ready a de­vel­oped coun­try, on a par with the United States. This view in­di­cates that the path of peace­ful devel­op­ment can lead a nation to devel­op­ment and we have made the right choice. How­ever, it also shows a lack of com­pre­hen­sive and in-depth un­der­stand­ing of the level of China's devel­op­ment. The re­al­ity is that China's GDP, how­ever big it may grow, must be shared among the 1.3 bil­lion peo­ple. China's per capita GDP is only $3,800, rank­ing about 104th in the world, even lower than many African coun­tries. By the United Na­tions stan­dard of one US dol­lar a day, 150 mil­lion Chi­nese are still liv­ing be­low the poverty line. Even by the stan­dard of 1,200 yuan per capita in­come, over 40 mil­lion Chi­nese are still in poverty. To­day in China, 10 mil­lion peo­ple have no ac­cess to elec­tric­ity and each year, em­ploy­ment must be pro­vided for 24 mil­lion Chi­nese. China has a huge pop­u­la­tion and a weak eco­nomic foun­da­tion. The ur­ban-ru­ral gaps, im­bal­ances in in­dus­trial struc­ture and un­der­de­vel­op­ment of pro­duc­tiv­ity are is­sues yet to be fun­da­men­tally ad­dressed. In what­ever sense, China is big in terms of pop­u­la­tion but small in terms of econ­omy.

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