Pak­istan calls for ‘mul­ti­lat­eral’ ef­forts to erad­i­cate piracy

The Pak Banker - - Front Page -


Pak­istan has called for "con­certed and in­te­grated" ac­tion to erad­i­cate piracy, and strongly con­demned hostage­tak­ing and the vi­o­lence em­ployed in the crime. "No sin­gle coun­try can counter piracy by it­self. We need mul­ti­lat­eral ef­fort. We need a co­he­sive UN role with in­ter­a­gency co­op­er­a­tion," Am­bas­sador Masood Khan, per­ma­nent rep­re­sen­ta­tive of Pak­istan to the UN, told the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil on Mon­day.

Speak­ing dur­ing a de­bate on maritime piracy as a threat to in­ter­na­tional peace and se­cu­rity, he said Pak­istan is a "will­ing and com­mit­ted" part­ner of in­ter­na­tional community in its fight against piracy, which was mostly lo­cal­ized off the Coast of So­ma­lia and the Gulf of Aden.

"We are main­tain­ing ac­tive sur­veil­lance and pa­trols to pre-empt any piracy or armed rob­bery," the Pak­istani en­voy told the 15-na­tion Coun­cil. "Our ter­ri­to­rial and re­gional wa­ters in the Ara­bian Sea are peace­ful and safe for maritime traf­fic."

Masood Khan said that in­ad­e­quate gov­er­nance struc- ture, lack of eco­nomic op­por­tu­ni­ties and ex­ploita­tion of costal ar­eas in So­ma­lia were ma­jor con­trib­u­tors to mod­ern piracy.

In other re­gions, such as the Gulf of Guinea, he said it could be at­trib­uted to pro­lif­er­a­tion of armed groups and in­ad­e­quate pre­pared­ness of mer­chant ships.

Else­where, piracy was an in­ci­dent and not a pat­tern. While that men­ace had di­min­ished, it still posed a se­ri­ous threat, the Pak­istani en­voy said. Pi­rates presently held hostage more than 200 sea­far­ers. He strongly con­demned hostage tak­ing, and lamented that the in­ter­na­tional community lacked a unan­i­mous view on how to ad­dress that is­sue.

The wel­fare of sea­far­ers in cap­tiv­ity and af­ter re­lease was a pri­or­ity, and in that con­text he wel­comed the pro­posal of a hostage sup­port pro­gramme de­vel­oped by UNPOS (United Nations Po­lit­i­cal Of­fice for So­ma­lia) and he said that erad­i­cat­ing piracy of the So­mali

coast would re­quire a con­certed and in­te­grated ap­proach, en­com­pass­ing po­lit­i­cal, se­cu­rity and jus­tice sec­tor tracks, and be based on four pil­lars.

The root causes re­lated to the po­lit­i­cal and se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in So­ma­lia must be ad­dressed, the Pak­istani en­voy said, adding, pi­rates must be de­terred by ac­tive naval de­ploy­ment; there was a need for ju­di­cial mea­sures and jus­tice-sec­tor de­vel­op­ment, par­tic­u­larly for re­gional coun­tries such as Sey­chelles, Kenya, Mau­ri­tius and Tan­za­nia, who were pro­vid­ing crit­i­cal sup­port in pros­e­cut­ing pi­rates.

In ad­di­tion, mer­can­tile ship­ping com­pa­nies needed to be cog­nizant of piracy, fol­low rel­e­vant guide­lines and take pro­tec­tive mea­sures. The am­bas­sador said Pak­istan, in prin­ci­ple, did not ob­ject to the pres­ence of pri­vately con­tracted armed se­cu­rity per­son­nel aboard mer­chant ships, sub­ject to prior in­ti­ma­tion on a case-to-case ba­sis.

Ships must no­tify coastal States about the pres­ence of pri­vately con­tracted armed se­cu­rity per­son­nel in ad­vance and for­mu­late and put in place stan­dard oper­at­ing pro­ce­dures to en­sure that their se­cu­rity, at sea and on land, was not com­pro­mised. More broadly, he added, an ac­cept­able reg­u­la­tory frame­work should be de­vel­oped.

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