Angola asks citizens to curb foreign-currency use
Angola's central bank asked companies and citizens to cut foreign-exchange use by 50 percent amid a dollar shortage caused by dwindling revenue from oil and diamond exports.
Africa's second- biggest oil producer "won't have more foreign exchange available soon," the state- run broadcaster Televisao Publica de Angola reported on Monday, citing central bank Governor Jose Pedro de Morais Junior. A spokesman for the central bank didn't immediately respond to Bloomberg's request for comment.
The kwanza has lost 19 percent against the U. S. dollar this year even as the Banco Nacional de Angola rationed foreign-exchange supplies via weekly auctions, resulting in an order backlog of as much as $6.5 billion, according to Standard Bank Group Ltd. Standard & Poor's cut the southern African nation's credit-rating outlook to negative on Aug. 14, predicting the fiscal deficit will widen in the face of lower oil prices.
"Depressed oil prices and slow progress on boosting diamond exports is undermining foreign-currency supply," Samantha Singh, a Johannesburg- based analyst at Standard Bank, said in a report on Aug. 13. "It seems that the situation has, in fact, deteriorated over the past month. We expect further" kwanza weakness, she said.
The central bank has raised its benchmark interest rate three times since March to contain soaring prices. The rate was increased to 10.25 percent on July 27, one month after it raised the cash reserve ratio for banks to 25 percent. The nation's foreign-exchange reserves fell by 21 percent in the past year to $24.2 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.