IOC plans $2.4b spend to make ethanol for blending
MUMBAI: Indian Oil Corp., the nation's biggest refiner, plans to spend Rs16,000 crore ($2.4 billion) to build a plant for producing synthetic ethanol as it seeks to secure supplies of the biofuel to meet mandatory blending norms.
The state-run company is studying the project to produce 1 million metric tons of ethanol annually for blending with gasoline, S. Mitra, executive director at Indian Oil, said in an interview. Indian Oil plans to seek investment approval from its board next year, after which the facility, to be located at Paradip in eastern India, will take about four years to complete, he said. The refiner will partner with Dallas-based Celanese Corp. for the ethanol project, which will use petroleum coke as feedstock from Indian Oil's two refineries in the region, Mitra said.
India is facing a supply shortage of the biofuel, hindering plans to achieve mandatory 5% blending, oil minister Dharmendra Pradhan said earlier this month. In December, the federal government allowed ethanol production from non-food feedstock including petrochemicals to improve availability. Indian Oil and two other state-run refiners, Hindustan Petroleum Corp. and Bharat Petroleum Corp., are seeking 2.66 billion liters of ethanol in the 12 months to 30 November 2016. The supply shortage is prompting Indian Oil, which would need nearly half of the projected requirement, to consider producing its own ethanol, Mitra said.
Indian Oil, which also runs the biggest network of fuel stations in the country, bought about 186 million liters of ethanol for blending through the year to 31 March. In India, ethanol is primarily produced from molasses, a byproduct of sugar making. Molasses output depends on the sugarcane crop, which varies each year.