Pak­istan for boost­ing UN peace ef­forts in post-con­flict na­tions

The Pak Banker - - NATIONAL -

At the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil, Am­bas­sador Maleeha Lodhi called for pri­or­i­tiz­ing peace-build­ing by fi­nan­cially strength­en­ing the U.N. Peace-build­ing Com­mis­sion say­ing that it would boost the peace ef­forts in coun­tries emerg­ing from con­flict. Speak­ing in the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil open de­bate on 'Post-Con­flict Peace-build­ing: re­view of the peace-build­ing ar­chi­tec­ture', Pak­istan's Per­ma­nent Rep­re­sen­ta­tive said that strength­ened peace-build­ing was in the in­ter­est of all.

Am­bas­sador Lodhi pointed out that fail­ure to pri­or­i­tize peace-build­ing leads to tragic cy­cles of re­lapse into tur­moil and con­flict. She called for ad­dress­ing the root causes of con­flict, say­ing that it was ex­tremely im­por­tant to avoid its re­cur­rence. "But this re­quires long-term com­mit­ment and ad­e­quate and pre­dictable fi­nanc­ing", she added.

The Peace-build­ing Com­mis­sion,

an in­ter­gov­ern­men­tal body es­tab­lished in 2005, is tasked with mak­ing rec­om­men­da­tions on post-con­flict re­cov­ery, re­con­struc­tion and de­vel­op­ment.Am­bas­sador Lodhi re­called that Pak­istan had first pro­posed in 2004 the idea of an ad hoc ar­range­ment to draw dif­fer­ent United Na­tions bod­ies to­gether in ad­dress­ing com­plex crises. Peace-build­ing, she said, works best as an in­te­gral part of a con­tin­uum from con­flict preven­tion, to peace­keep­ing, to post-con­flict re­con­struc­tion.

She re­gret­ted that the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity's fo­cus re­mained on the con­flict phase alone, to the detri­ment of the two other phases. "The sup­port of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity wanes with the de­par­ture of TV crews in the af­ter­math of con­flict, which leaves the coun­try with weak state in­sti­tu­tions, a power vac­uum, weak econ­omy and lack of fi­nan­cial re­sources - the con­flu­ence of which is a recipe for a de­scent into chaos."

Am­bas­sador Lodhi said that the in­ter- na­tional com­mu­nity should pri­or­i­tize preven­tion, take a holis­tic ap­proach to sus­tain­ing peace, at­tach due im­por­tance to do­mes­tic re­source mo­bi­liza­tion while work­ing on en­hanced in­ter­na­tional sup­port, en­cour­age greater col­lab­o­ra­tion be­tween the United Na­tions and the World Bank Group, as well as other re­gional and in­ter­na­tional part­ners, and en­sure in­clu­sive na­tional own­er­ship.

Am­bas­sador Lodhi urged the Peace­build­ing Com­mis­sion to present the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil with con­cise, re­al­is­tic and con­text-spe­cific rec­om­men­da­tions and bench­marks. Pak­istani en­voy con­cluded by say­ing that the coun­tries emerg­ing from con­flict face im­pos­ing chal­lenges as they seek to over­come the legacy of war and find a durable path to peace and se­cu­rity. She added, "What was needed was re­vi­tal­iza­tion of the peace-build­ing mech­a­nism to bet­ter as­sist states and so­ci­eties to re­cover from con­flict and avoid a calami­tous re­turn to vi­o­lence".

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