Haz­ardous jobs

Middle East Business (English) - - FRONT PAGE -

ed­u­ca­tion, changes in the le­gal age for work­ing in some coun­tries and stricter laws brought in to tackle slav­ery.

Child Labour across the MENA re­gion

From the MENA re­gion, Jor­dan, Ye­men, Egypt, Pales­tine, and Tu­nisia fea­ture in many of the sta­tis­ti­cal ta­bles shown in the re­port. Young peo­ple who are un­able to se­cure de­cent work fre­quently find them­selves at the mar­gins of so­ci­ety and more vul­ner­a­ble to vi­o­lent or risky be­hav­iour. The ILO faces the twin chal­lenges of elim­i­nat­ing child labour and en­sur­ing de­cent work for to­day's youth. This is par­tic­u­larly rel­e­vant in the MENA re­gion, as it has been proven to be one of the main wor­ries, and a fac­tor that could af­fect fu­ture devel­op­ment for the area. Un­em­ploy­ment can per­ma­nently im­pair the po­ten­tial of a young per­son, and can be a very neg­a­tive in­flu­ence on fu­ture prospects, at­ti­tude to em­ploy­ment and earn­ing po­ten­tial. This lack of de­cent work has led many young­sters in the re­gion - and in fact from across the globe - to look for op­por­tu­ni­ties else­where, and along­side re­gional con­flict, is a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor in the growth of il­le­gal mi­gra­tion. For ex­am­ple, in Jor­dan, the share of for­mer child labour­ers with pri­mary (or less) ed­u­ca­tion is five times that of other youth.

Gen­der gap in MENA re­gion re­mains a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor

As a re­cur­rent fac­tor in our mag­a­zine, the gen­der gap again weighs more heav­ily on those in our re­gion than else­where. The re­port high­lights the fact that in Jor­dan, 63% of fe­male youth are ex­pected never to tran­sit into em­ploy­ment, against only 3% of male youth. Sim­i­lar dis­par­i­ties are shown in the ac­com­pa­ny­ing graph, also show­ing fig­ures for Pales­tine, Egypt and Tu­nisia. Ado­les­cents who are work­ing, aged 15 - 17, are more likely to be in­volved with haz­ardous jobs - such as work­ing with elec­tric­ity, gas, min­ing, man­u­fac­tur­ing and con­struc­tion. The ILO fig­ures from 2012 showed that 47.5 mil­lion ado­les­cents are in­volved in haz­ardous work, which is 40% of all those in this age gap who are work­ing. Ado­les­cents in this age group make up one quar­ter of all chil­dren in­volved in child labour. Haz­ardous labour refers to work that, by its na­ture or the cir­cum­stances in which it takes place, is likely to harm or jeop­ar­dise the health, safety or morals of chil­dren. The word likely is used so that it is not nec­es­sary to prove through re­search or other

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