CACAO FARM ESTABLISHMENT
1. Clearing the area
- Clearing the area heavily depends on the existing vegetation and whether it was a previously cropped area, cogonal field, second growths, or virgin forest. In previously cropped areas, use manual, mechanical, or chemical weeding to control weeds like cogon and talahib. Clear the area by employing appropriate methods based on the existing vegetation.
2. Establishment of roads and drainage networks
- For large farms, consider the roads as major and make spaces 200 meters apart.
3. Staking and spacing - Always lay out the road across the slope or along contours.
- Provide for the road to be 3 meters (m) wide with a side drain as interceptor when necessary.
- Provide drainage as conveyance for excess water that could uproot cacao trees and wash away topsoil.
- In sloping and hilly areas, drainage canals may not be necessary. The spacing distance and dimension of canals and slope gradient depends on the topography of the area.
- Mark the planting points with stakes using a suitable size and length of wire as a guide for straight line planting.