Agriculture - - Plantation Crop -

1. Clear­ing the area

- Clear­ing the area heav­ily de­pends on the ex­ist­ing veg­e­ta­tion and whether it was a pre­vi­ously cropped area, cog­o­nal field, sec­ond growths, or vir­gin for­est. In pre­vi­ously cropped ar­eas, use man­ual, me­chan­i­cal, or chem­i­cal weed­ing to con­trol weeds like co­gon and ta­lahib. Clear the area by em­ploy­ing ap­pro­pri­ate meth­ods based on the ex­ist­ing veg­e­ta­tion.

2. Es­tab­lish­ment of roads and drainage net­works

- For large farms, con­sider the roads as ma­jor and make spa­ces 200 me­ters apart.

3. Stak­ing and spac­ing - Al­ways lay out the road across the slope or along con­tours.

- Pro­vide for the road to be 3 me­ters (m) wide with a side drain as in­ter­cep­tor when nec­es­sary.

- Pro­vide drainage as con­veyance for ex­cess wa­ter that could up­root ca­cao trees and wash away top­soil.

- In slop­ing and hilly ar­eas, drainage canals may not be nec­es­sary. The spac­ing dis­tance and di­men­sion of canals and slope gra­di­ent de­pends on the to­pog­ra­phy of the area.

- Mark the plant­ing points with stakes us­ing a suit­able size and length of wire as a guide for straight line plant­ing.

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