Agriculture - - Protecting The Environment -

LO­CAL GOV­ERN­MENT UNITS (LGUs) have been pressed by the Ecosys­tems Re­search and Devel­op­ment Bureau (ERDB) to adopt a solid waste man­age­ment sys­tem through char­coal bri­quet­ting that can earn for them equiv­a­lent “car­bon cred­its.” Char­coal bri­quet­ting will also en­able many LGUs to com­ply with the Solid Waste Man­age­ment Act (SWMA) or Re­pub­lic Act 9003. Many LGUs have not yet com­plied with RA 9003 al­most 20 years since it was rat­i­fied.

In­ten­sive train­ing and a pos­si­ble sup­ply chain link­age is be­ing of­fered by the ERDB to LGUs through a char­coal bri­quet­ting pro­gram. This pro­duces char­coal with­out hav­ing to cut trees. Thus, it can earn for LGUs equiv­a­lent “car­bon cred­its” un­der pos­si­ble new car­bon finance schemes of the United Na­tions Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change or UNFCCC.

ERDB char­coal is more cost-ef­fi­cient than or­di­nary char­coal and emits a steady heat with low clean flame. The char­coal is easy to ignite.

ERDB ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor Dr. Henry A. Ador­nado ex­pressed sat­is­fac­tion that the ERDB’s re­search on the pro­duc­tion of char­coal bri­quette has reached a suc­cess level for small com­mu­ni­ties, in­clud­ing one in Barangay Lower Bi­cu­tan C6, Taguig City.

“We are open to shar­ing the tech­nol­ogy to any sec­tor in­ter­ested in learn­ing from us. We pro­vide [train­ing ses­sions] and free [demon­stra­tions] as part of our col­lab­o­ra­tive pro­gram in tech­nol­ogy trans­fer and ex­ten­sion,” said Ador­nado.

LGUs can also raise fund­ing from this pro­gram, which fits un­der a po­ten­tial new UNFCCC (United Na­tions Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change) fi­nanc­ing in­cen­tive for re­duc­ing de­for­esta­tion called “Re­duc­ing Emis­sions from De­for­esta­tion and For­est Degra­da­tion (REDD Plus).” It is ex­pected to be ap­proved by the end of 2015.

The need for fu­el­wood in many Filipino house­holds has led char­coal-fu­el­wood pro­duc­ers to cut trees. They de­stroy forests, in­clud­ing virgin forests, and emit car­bon diox­iode in their op­er­a­tions.

The ERDB ini­ti­ated train­ing for a pro­gram on char­coal bri­quet­ting in Brgy. Lower Bi­cu­tan C6 that has gen­er­ated jobs for per­sons with dis­abil­ity (PWDs).

Mem­bers of the Sama­han ng May Ka­pansanan sa Taguig (SAMAKAT) are us­ing ERDB’s char­coal bri­quet­ting tech­nol­ogy as an en­vi­ron­ment friendly way to sup­ply wood for cook­ing in Taguig par­ish com­mu­ni­ties.

Af­ter in­ten­sive skills train­ing, the SAMAKAT PWDs ac­quired the ERDB-de­vel­oped ma­chin­ery through the fi­nan­cial as­sis­tance of Pondo Pi­noy of a Taguig Catholic par­ish.

Mario Galvez, him­self a PWD, led fel­low Taguig ur­ban poor PWDs in train­ing ses­sions un­der the ERDB; they learned how to turn waste from buko juice and wa­ter hy­acinths into en­vi­ron­ment-friendly char­coal bri­quette cook­ing fuel.

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