Sus­tain­abil­ity of Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion

Agriculture - - Contents - BY JULIO P. YAP, JR.

As they are raised freerange, na­tive chick­ens are gen­er­ally per­ceived as being free of an­tibi­otics and other syn­thetic chem­i­cal residues.

Given these ad­van­tages, a gov­ern­ment re­search and de­vel­op­ment con­sor­tium based in Zam­boanga City led a two-day tech­nol­ogy trans­fer ac­tiv­ity in an ef­fort to pro­mote Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion as a source of liveli­hood in the Zam­boanga penin­sula. The move also aims to in­spire na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion in the re­gion.

PU­RI­FIED BREED The pu­ri­fied breed of Zam­pen na­tive chicken could yield more eggs an­nu­ally com­pared to the Joloano na­tive chicken. The for­mer also has a lower mor­tal­ity rate.

It is one of the four pu­ri­fied na­tive chicken strains de­vel­oped in a project; the other strains are Darag in West­ern Visayas; Ca­marines in Bi­col; and Bo­holano in Bo­hol.

The West­ern Min­danao Agri­cul­ture and Aquatic Re­sources Re­search and De­vel­op­ment Con­sor­tium (WESMAARRDEC) gath­ered farm­ers en­gaged in na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion as well as po­ten­tial rais­ers to teach them about Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion.

Im­ple­mented by West­ern Min­danao State Univer­sity (WMSU), the project is a com­po­nent of a na­tive chicken pro­gram en­ti­tled “Pu­rifi­ca­tion, Im­prove­ment and Sus­tain­able Uti­liza­tion of Na­tive Chicken Strains in Bo­hol, Bi­col, and Zam­boanga Penin­sula.” It adopts the tech­nolo­gies and pro­to­col de­vel­oped by WMSU on the man­age­ment of the na­tive chick­ens from

hatch­ing, day-old, hard­en­ing, and up to the time un­til the birds be­come ready for breed­ing; se­lect­ing and pu­ri­fy­ing the strain; and de­vel­op­ing the health pro­to­col and feed­ing man­age­ment sys­tem.

EN­RICHED WITH SCIENCE AND TECH­NOL­OGY This could be an­other mean­ing­ful and pro­duc­tive farm­ing ac­tiv­ity that is en­riched with science and tech­nol­ogy. The event, dubbed “Zam­pen Na­tive Chicken FI­ESTA,” was ini­ti­ated by the Los Baños, La­guna-based Philip­pine Coun­cil for Agri­cul­ture, Aquatic and Nat­u­ral Re­sources Re­search and De­vel­op­ment of the De­part­ment of Science and Tech­nol­ogy (PCAARRD-DOST). “FI­ESTA” is an acro­nym for “Farms and In­dus­try En­coun­ters through the Science and Tech­nol­ogy Agenda.”

FI­ESTA aims to fa­cil­i­tate the flow of tech­nol­ogy not only to the farm­ers but also to the coun­try’s mi­cro, small, and medium en­ter­prises, so that these can ben­e­fit from the gov­ern­ment’s R&D un­der­tak­ings, thereby en­abling them to con­trib­ute more to eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment.

The Zam­pen Na­tive Chicken FI­ESTA 2016, which was held at the KCC Mall de Zam­boanga last Novem­ber, served as a ma­jor ac­tiv­ity to com­mem­o­rate WESMAARRDEC’s 29th an­niver­sary. With the theme “Manok Zam­pen: Liveli­hood Op­tion for Ev­ery Juan in the Re­gion,” the event also high­lighted the S&T Busi­ness Fo­rum which tack­led sev­eral top­ics re­gard­ing Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion.

Dr. Sy­nan Baguio, of­fi­cer-in-charge of the Live­stock Re­search Divi­sion of PCAARRD, dis­cussed the se­lec­tion, breed­ing, and pro­duc­tion man­age­ment of Zam­pen Na­tive Chicken, while Al­fred Parun­gao of the same divi­sion dis­cussed con­cerns on range man­age­ment pro­to­cols and feed­ing strate­gies for sus­tain­able chicken pro­duc­tion. Dr. Pa­terna Saave­dra, and Dr. Tere­sita A. Nar­vaez, re­searchers from the West­ern Min­danao State Univer­sity (WESMAARRDEC’s base agency) tack­led is­sues in­volv­ing breeder na­tive chick­ens and hatch­ery man­age­ment, and pric­ing and mar­ket­ing strate­gies for Zam­pen chicken, re­spec­tively.

GAINS OF ZAM­PEN The gains of Zam­pen na­tive chicken were boosted by the tes­ti­monies of stake­hold­ers, most no­table of which was that of Bu­reau of Cor­rec­tions’ ad­min­is­tra­tive staff mem­ber Wil­fredo B. Castillo. He nar­rated how Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion at the San Ra­mon Pe­nal Farm in Zam­boanga City has pro­vided the in­mates with a pro­duc­tive ac­tiv­ity and a liveli­hood op­por­tu­nity once they have served their sen­tence.

Na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion is con­sid­ered to be the most com­pet­i­tive and sus­tain­able sub­sec­tor of the lo­cal poul­try in­dus­try ow­ing to its nu­mer­ous ad­van­tages such as low cap­i­tal in­vest­ment, sim­ple man­age­ment sys­tem, and the emer­gence of new mar­kets.

Pre­sent­ing an ad­di­tional in­come source to farm­ers, and known as a source of high qual­ity meat, na­tive chicken is con­sid­ered an im­por­tant com­po­nent of the coun­try’s ru­ral farm­ing sys­tem.

WMSU, as one of the im­ple­ment­ing agen­cies of the Na­tive Chicken Pro­gram funded by PCAARRD, has de­vel­oped sus­tain­able S&T-based op­tions for na­tive chicken im­prove­ment and prof­itable uti­liza­tion for ru­ral farm­ers in Re­gion 9 through the de­vel­op­ment of tech­nolo­gies for breed­ing and se­lec­tion, gen­er­a­tion of pric­ing and mar­ket­ing in­for­ma­tion, and pol­icy rec­om­men­da­tions for the en­hance­ment of na­tive chicken pro­duc­tiv­ity and pro­duc­tion ef­fi­ciency.

This is ex­pected to help pro­mote the growth of the na­tive chicken in­dus­try, cap­i­tal­iz­ing on its ben­e­fits and the op­por­tu­ni­ties it of­fers ev­ery­one.

Na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion is con­sid­ered to be the most com­pet­i­tive and sus­tain­able sub­sec­tor of the lo­cal poul­try in­dus­try ow­ing to its nu­mer­ous ad­van­tages. The meat of the na­tive chicken is be­com­ing more pop­u­lar due to its unique taste, dis­tinct fla­vor and tex­ture, pres­ence of neu­traceu­ti­cal com­pounds, and lower fat con­tent.

The Zam­pen Na­tive Chicken FI­ESTA 2016 - a two-day tech­nol­ogy trans­fer ac­tiv­ity to pro­mote Zam­pen na­tive chicken pro­duc­tion as a source of liveli­hood - was held at the KCC Mall de Zam­boanga. The event un­der­scored the im­por­tance of the na­tive chicken in­dus­try, cap­i­tal­iz­ing on its ben­e­fits and op­por­tu­ni­ties for ev­ery­one.

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