Cor­rup­tion kills

Manila Times - - OPINION -

P for earth­quakes should go the time schools, com­pa­nies and gov­ern and stu­dents the ba­sic knowl­edge of stop, drop, cover, hold, and then evac­u­ate to open spa­ces, as pro­to­cols in the event of are equipped with emer­gency kits that - pelling, and co­or­di­na­tion for emer­gen­cies. But at the end of the day, th­ese are things that we hope will not be nec­es­sary be­cause - ary mea­sures.

- li­a­bil­ity of an ar­chi­tect and an en­gi­neer is only 25 years, and build­ings are re­quired to with­stand at least an in­ten­sity 7 to 8 earth­quake. In essence, the build­ing code sug­gests that the life span and ac­count­abil­ity of the build­ing and other struc­tures are only 25 years.

But a ques­tion hangs over our heads: af­ter 25 years who will be made ac­count­able if proven that the de­sign and the ma­te­ri­als used for the struc­ture was sub-stan­dard? Even if it is in the in­ter­est of a client to re­duce costs, are de­vel­op­ers, con­trac­tors, and de­sign­ers al­lowed gov­ern­ment is man­dated, through the city en­gi­neer­ing of­fice, to check and oc­cu­pancy; so, in the event of a build­ing col­lapse, what is the ac­count­abil­ity oc­cu­pancy per­mits?

- for­tu­nate one, but na­ture should not be used as an ex­cuse for com­pla­cency. For the past hundred years, earth­quakes have even de­part­ments cre­ated to study fault cer­tain ar­eas. For the Philip­pines, as well as Ja­pan and other coun­tries that are in been part of his­tory. But if we look at Ja­pan, ca­su­alty and col­lapse dur­ing earth- quakes of high in­ten­si­ties yield rel­a­tively low ca­su­al­ties.

When an earth­quake dev­as­tated Haiti in on the pos­si­ble im­pact of an earth­quake with a sim­i­lar mag­ni­tude should it hap­pen in Metro Manila. I cited a study done by - cy in 2004 on “Metro Manila Earth­quake Im­pact Re­duc­tion,” also known as the MMEIRS study. It as­sessed and some­how earth­quake will cause. With the West Val­ley says, it will be im­por­tant to look back to the MMEIRS re­port for guid­ance. It should the ex­tent of the pos­si­ble con­se­quences.

The first 72 hours

170,000 res­i­den­tial houses will be heav­ily dam­aged or col­lapsed ( 13 per­cent of to­tal build­ings), 340,000 will be mod­er­ately dam­aged (26 per­cent of to­tal build­ings) and 10,000 along­side the Manila Bay will be af­fected by by a mag­ni­tude 7.2 earth­quake.

Eleven per­cent of mid-rise build­ings (10 to 30 sto­ries) and 2 per­cent of high-rise build­ings (30 to 60 sto­ries) will be se­verely - cent of mid-rise and 12 per­cent of high-rise build­ings will be mod­er­ately dam­aged.

Eight to 10 per­cent of hos­pi­tals, schools, - mod­er­ately dam­aged. Death tolls in the first hour could reach around 34,000 peo­ple and an­other 20,000 could be­come ca­su­al­ties in the suc­ceed­ing hours be­cause that will oc­cur.

av­er­age day in Metro Manila but with build­ings and elec­tri­cal posts top­pled wa­ter sup­ply and de­bris, among oth­ers, it would take longer for res­cuers to reach that our gov­ern­ment forces and vol­un­teers are safe and pieces of equip­ment in­ter­na­tional as­sess­ment, help will come af­ter 72 hours but be­cause of Metro de­sign, I think we can ex­pect that it will take more time.

Im­me­di­ate ac­tion and longterm pre­pared­ness

Group have sent 145 rec­om­men­da­tions that we should im­me­di­ately im­ple­ment a strict struc­tural au­dit of build­ings that weaken over time be­cause of nu­mer­ous vi­bra­tions caused by smaller in­ten­sity move­ments. Houses and build­ings that are old as well as houses and build­ings that have sub-stan­dard de­signs should also be checked.

- ern­ment build­ings, schools, hos­pi­tals and ded­i­cate more open spa­ces for evac­u­a­tion sites and th­ese sites should have a quick re­sponse team that can set up a clinic, clean wa­ter sta­tion, food quar­ters, place of wor­ship and mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tion, among oth­ers.

- ern­ment per­mits be­fore a de­vel­oper can for cor­rup­tion. Bu­reau­cracy and red tape in se­cur­ing build­ing per­mits do not only - set the cost paid for cor­rup­tion. Ul­ti­mately, cor­rup­tion kills. It will take vi­sion­ary lead­er­ship and a strong po­lit­i­cal will from the gov­ern­ment to en­sure pub­lic safety through good plan­ning, good de­sign, and good gover­nance.

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