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Septem­ber 9, 1909: Baguio was de­clared a char­tered city and Sum­mer Cap­i­tal of the Philip­pines.

The name Baguio is be­lieved to have come from a mossy flow­er­ing plant Bagiw, which the Amer­i­cans pro­nounced as “Bag-eeyow.”

The Man­sion was the of­fi­cial res­i­dence of the Amer­i­can gover­norgen­eral dur­ing sum­mer hol­i­days.

Camp John Hay was the U.S. mil­i­tary’s recre­ation spot. The Amer­i­can also built Ken­non Road, which

con­nected Baguio to nearby prov­inces.

The Philip­pine Com­mis­sion held its first ses­sion from April 22 to June 11, 1904 in what is now known as Ses­sion Road.

Renowned ar­chi­tect and city plan­ner Daniel Burn­ham—who cre­ated the mas­ter plans of Chicago and Wash­ing­ton, D.C. in the 1800s—was the ur­ban plan­ner of Baguio City. Ra­dial city lay­outs and long pub­lic walk­ways and av­enues are his trade­marks, and can still be seen in Baguio un­til now. Burn­ham Park is named af­ter him.

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