ONE of the most common injuries experienced in sports are knee problems due to combined stresses or strains on the knee joints where the knee itself cannot handle the stress. Stress on the knees may come from the fact that the foot strikes the ground hundred times per hour having the force of three times the body weight.
Imagine the weight and the pounding force the knee gets when running for example, this in turn results to knee pain when something in the supporting structure of the knee gives up. The kneecap normally rides smoothly in a groove and is attached to the large quadriceps muscles of the thigh. Strong enough to pull the kneecap sideways, and if the angle of the pull is twisted, the result is an irritated cartilage, symptomatic of “runner’s knee” or tendonitis. Also a variety of factors may cause this faulty biomechanical problem.
Prone to knee injuries are most likely runners, as they usually run through rough and hard surfaces, run up-hill and trails, run with speed and long distances, etc. that continuously pounds the knee causing stress and injuries.
Aside from running, other factors that causes knee problems and injuries are; the structural instability of the foot, such as “Morton’s foot”,
weak arches or an unstable heel Short, tight calf and hamstring muscles, and inflexibility in the supportive structures of the knee joint contribute to knee problems.
Also weak quadriceps muscles in relation to hamstrings can cause an imbalance which affects the pull on the knee cap and leads to pain. Likewise, unequal distribution of weight due to unequal leg length is factors of knee problems.
All these concerns about knee problems or pain can be eased through avoiding hill and speed work in the presence of knee pain or putting ice immediately after running or before bedtime wrap with a damp cloth can help ease knee pain and promotes better circulation.
However, the best solution to avoid knee problems is to exercise and strengthen the thigh muscles to avoid knee pains and problems.