Sta­tus of re­search and de­vel­op­ment in the Philip­pines

Sun.Star Baguio - - Speak Out - Marissa A. Wayan

RE­SEARCH and De­vel­op­ment is one field nec­es­sary for an in­dus­try or com­pany to sur­vive and pros­per. Be it a start­ing or longestab­lished in­dus­try, this field needs at­ten­tion.

In­no­va­tion is the strat­egy needed to have a suc­cess­ful Re­search and De­vel­op­ment. And that the com­pany or in­dus­try needs in­no­va­tive peo­ple. In­no­va­tion need not be fresh or new. The Bil­lion­aire Bill Gates de­fined in­no­va­tion as the act of stand­ing on the shoul­ders of the giants or those who pi­o­neered an idea or the re­sult of an idea. In the present in­no­va­tion sys­tem of the Philip­pines, there is poor par­tic­i­pa­tion of the pri­vate sec­tor.

Al­though, there are in­cen­tives given by the govern­ment through the board of in­vest­ment, these are not or few availed of it. There are var­i­ous rea­sons.

In a re­search en­ti­tled “The Philip­pine In­no­va­tion sys­tem: struc­ture and char­ac­ter­is­tics by Epicte­tus E. Patal­inghug” (2003), it stated that the Philip­pine in­no­va­tion sys­tem must con­cen­trate on the “catch-up type” of in­no­va­tion. This means the es­tab­lish­ment of Re­search and De­vel­op­ment in­sti­tu­tions that will mon­i­tor and adopt ex­ist­ing stock of knowl­edge, pro­mote do­mes­tic com­pe­ti­tions, par­tic­i­pa­tion of the pri­vate sec­tors to cre­ate un­fa­mil­iar but sig­nif­i­cant busi­ness and the par­tic­i­pa­tion of the govern­ment in the startup process by pro­vid­ing the ini­tial in­fra­struc­ture re­quire­ment.

The sys­tem also re­quires the col­lab­o­ra­tion of the univer­sity and the rel­e­vant in­dus­try as­so­ci­ated with the cour­ses pro­vided by the school. Fur­ther­more, the catch-up type of in­no­va­tion en­cour­ages in­vestors to sup­port long term in­vest­ments.

The present at­ti­tude of busi­ness­men and in­vestors are fo­cus on short term in­vest­ments. Mean­ing they fi­nance multi­bil­lion projects in a short pe­riod and ex­pects the im­me­di­ate re­turn even if the re­turn is less as long as there is profit and min­i­mal loss.

Gu­tier­rez (2002) in a re­search sur­vey re­vealed that pri­vate firms prefers on in­cen­tives that has an im­pact on the re­duc­tion of the firms cost of op­er­a­tion.

These in­cludes free in­fra­struc­ture like build­ings and bet­ter road con­di­tions in­clud­ing re­duc­tion in taxes and tar­iff du­ties. Rane­ses (2000) fur­ther ex­plains that set­ting stan­dards for qual­ity goods are govern­ment dom­i­nated hence, the stan­dards are in­ad­e­quate.

Par­tic­u­larly, in­ad­e­quate due to lack of in­for­ma­tion, com­pe­tent test­ing fa­cil­i­ties, skilled per­son­nel and lack of guid­ance. These re­search and stud­ies are made more than a decade and un­til now, the con­di­tions are the same. Hence, this writer believes that as early as Ba­sic Ed­u­ca­tion years, the value of Re­search and De­vel­op­ment must be in­cul­cated in ev­ery Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy sub­jects.

As a re­sult, stu­dent who are the fu­ture work­ers of the state will ap­pre­ci­ate the im­por­tance of in­no­va­tion, do a lit­tle bit of re­search and de­vel­op­ment ac­tiv­i­ties.

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