Status of research and development in the Philippines
RESEARCH and Development is one field necessary for an industry or company to survive and prosper. Be it a starting or longestablished industry, this field needs attention.
Innovation is the strategy needed to have a successful Research and Development. And that the company or industry needs innovative people. Innovation need not be fresh or new. The Billionaire Bill Gates defined innovation as the act of standing on the shoulders of the giants or those who pioneered an idea or the result of an idea. In the present innovation system of the Philippines, there is poor participation of the private sector.
Although, there are incentives given by the government through the board of investment, these are not or few availed of it. There are various reasons.
In a research entitled “The Philippine Innovation system: structure and characteristics by Epictetus E. Patalinghug” (2003), it stated that the Philippine innovation system must concentrate on the “catch-up type” of innovation. This means the establishment of Research and Development institutions that will monitor and adopt existing stock of knowledge, promote domestic competitions, participation of the private sectors to create unfamiliar but significant business and the participation of the government in the startup process by providing the initial infrastructure requirement.
The system also requires the collaboration of the university and the relevant industry associated with the courses provided by the school. Furthermore, the catch-up type of innovation encourages investors to support long term investments.
The present attitude of businessmen and investors are focus on short term investments. Meaning they finance multibillion projects in a short period and expects the immediate return even if the return is less as long as there is profit and minimal loss.
Gutierrez (2002) in a research survey revealed that private firms prefers on incentives that has an impact on the reduction of the firms cost of operation.
These includes free infrastructure like buildings and better road conditions including reduction in taxes and tariff duties. Raneses (2000) further explains that setting standards for quality goods are government dominated hence, the standards are inadequate.
Particularly, inadequate due to lack of information, competent testing facilities, skilled personnel and lack of guidance. These research and studies are made more than a decade and until now, the conditions are the same. Hence, this writer believes that as early as Basic Education years, the value of Research and Development must be inculcated in every Science and Technology subjects.
As a result, student who are the future workers of the state will appreciate the importance of innovation, do a little bit of research and development activities.