Non-communicable diseases in schools
NON-communicable diseases are those type of diseases that does not affect the transmission or propagation to another person. It is a disease that stays in a particular individual regardless of any contact to another person.
An example of these are some diseases of the muscular, skeletal and circulatory system. In particular are the Arthritis, muscle pains, strokes and heart attacks. These particular diseases can be obtained either from lack of body activities, consumption of food or introduction of foreign substance to the body.
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases in schools can be detected through observation or in the medical records of the school. Non-communicable diseases affect the learning outcome in every school.
In a research study entitled “Behavioral Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases among School Children in the National Capital Region by Ma. Socorro Endrina-Ignacio (2018), it identified cigarette use, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity, and consumption of Ultra Processed Food (UPF’s). Seventy four percent of the respondents admitted to have smoke 3 sticks in a day, fifty five percent have taken alcohol on a monthly basis, basketball, biking and dancing are the common activities, and that hotdog, sandwiches and potato chips are the common UPF, consumed. Respondents are aged 10 to 17 years old.
Boyland and Halford (2013) has identified also the impact of mass media among learners as a contributary factor in developing non – communicable diseases. Staying in televisions for a long time or surfing the internet is not a healthy habit. Not only in the NCR but there are evidences to prove that NCD’s are common in other regions. The writer believes that the key is always prevention by maintaining existing policies of Deped and the school against Ultra Processed Foods, cigarettes and alcohols. There is also a need to study the contributions of ambulant vendors against NCD’s. Eating and other habits or practices outside the school including at home shall also be considered as a future research to find out if it contributes to NCD. At what amount and to how far will it contribute must be identified. This is for reason that no matter how the school tries to avoid NCD among students if outside the school factors lessens its noble purpose, then NCD’s will never be prevented.