Non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases in schools

Sun.Star Baguio - - Speak Out - Marissa A. Wayan

NON-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases are those type of dis­eases that does not af­fect the trans­mis­sion or prop­a­ga­tion to an­other per­son. It is a disease that stays in a par­tic­u­lar in­di­vid­ual re­gard­less of any con­tact to an­other per­son.

An ex­am­ple of these are some dis­eases of the mus­cu­lar, skele­tal and cir­cu­la­tory sys­tem. In par­tic­u­lar are the Arthri­tis, mus­cle pains, strokes and heart at­tacks. These par­tic­u­lar dis­eases can be ob­tained ei­ther from lack of body ac­tiv­i­ties, con­sump­tion of food or in­tro­duc­tion of for­eign sub­stance to the body.

The preva­lence of non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases in schools can be de­tected through ob­ser­va­tion or in the med­i­cal records of the school. Non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases af­fect the learn­ing out­come in ev­ery school.

In a re­search study en­ti­tled “Be­hav­ioral Risk Fac­tors for Non-Com­mu­ni­ca­ble Dis­eases among School Chil­dren in the Na­tional Cap­i­tal Re­gion by Ma. So­corro En­d­rina-Ig­na­cio (2018), it iden­ti­fied cig­a­rette use, al­co­hol con­sump­tion, lack of phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity, and con­sump­tion of Ul­tra Pro­cessed Food (UPF’s). Sev­enty four per­cent of the re­spon­dents ad­mit­ted to have smoke 3 sticks in a day, fifty five per­cent have taken al­co­hol on a monthly ba­sis, bas­ket­ball, bik­ing and danc­ing are the com­mon ac­tiv­i­ties, and that hot­dog, sand­wiches and potato chips are the com­mon UPF, con­sumed. Re­spon­dents are aged 10 to 17 years old.

Boy­land and Hal­ford (2013) has iden­ti­fied also the im­pact of mass me­dia among learn­ers as a con­tribu­tary fac­tor in de­vel­op­ing non – com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases. Stay­ing in tele­vi­sions for a long time or surf­ing the in­ter­net is not a healthy habit. Not only in the NCR but there are ev­i­dences to prove that NCD’s are com­mon in other re­gions. The writer believes that the key is al­ways pre­ven­tion by main­tain­ing ex­ist­ing poli­cies of Deped and the school against Ul­tra Pro­cessed Foods, cig­a­rettes and al­co­hols. There is also a need to study the con­tri­bu­tions of am­bu­lant ven­dors against NCD’s. Eat­ing and other habits or prac­tices out­side the school in­clud­ing at home shall also be con­sid­ered as a fu­ture re­search to find out if it con­trib­utes to NCD. At what amount and to how far will it con­trib­ute must be iden­ti­fied. This is for rea­son that no mat­ter how the school tries to avoid NCD among stu­dents if out­side the school fac­tors lessens its noble pur­pose, then NCD’s will never be pre­vented.

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