Sun.Star Cagayan de Oro - - Opinion - BY ORLAN RAVANERA

o those who have dreamt, ad­vo­cated, strug­gled and even died for it, so­cial change has been so elu­sive all these years de­spite 14 years of Mar­tial Law and two peo­ple power rev­o­lu­tions. The struc­tures and sys­tems that are breed­ing poverty, gross in­equities and so­cial in­jus­tices have re­mained as for­mi­da­ble as ever.

Well known so­cial sci­en­tists and na­tion­al­ists have iden­ti­fied the flawed po­lit­i­cal sys­tem as the root cause of the prob­lem, de­scrib­ing it as colo­nial and ex­clu­sive that is pro­duc­ing a highly skewed pyra­mi­dal so­cio-eco­nomic or­der where only a few hun­dred fam­i­lies aptly called oli­garchs are in con­trol.

On the econ­omy, three ques­tions loom: Who con­trols? Who de­cides? Who ben­e­fits?

Cer­tainly, not the bulk of the peo­ple but a few elite con­trol­ling a cartelized econ­omy an­chored on the con­tem­po­ra­ne­ous growth-cen­tered de­vel­op­ment par­a­digm and where eco­nomic power begets po­lit­i­cal power. This tru­ism mocks the fun­da­men­tal con­sti­tu­tional dec­la­ra­tion that “in a demo­cratic and

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