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WASH­ING­TON – Peo­ple who drink cof­fee ap­pear to live longer, two new stud­ies pub­lished in the US jour­nal An­nals of In­ter­nal Medicine said Mon­day, pro­vid­ing fur­ther con­fir­ma­tion on the health ben­e­fits of cof­fee con­sump­tion.

The first study, con­ducted in 10 Euro­pean coun­tries and the largest ever of its kind, found that com­pared to non-cof­fee drinkers, those who con­sume the most cof­fee have a sig­nif­i­cantly lower risk for death.

The sec­ond study found that higher cof­fee con­sump­tion was as­so­ci­ated with lower risk for death in whites and also in non-white pop­u­la­tions and that the mor­tal­ity ben­e­fit was the same for caf­feinated and de­caf­feinated cof­fee.

This find­ing of the sec­ond study, done by re­searchers at the Univer­sity of South­ern Cal­i­for­nia, is im­por­tant be­cause dif­fer­ent races have dif­fer­ent life­styles and dis­ease risks.

“Rec­om­mend­ing cof­fee in­take to re­duce mor­tal­ity or pre­vent chronic dis­ease would be pre­ma­ture,” an ac­com­pa­ny­ing ed­i­to­rial of the jour­nal wrote.

“How­ever, it is in­creas­ingly ev­i­dent that mod­er­ate cof­fee in­take up to three to five cups per day or caf­feine in­take up to 400 mg/d is not as­so­ci­ated with ad­verse health ef­fects in adults and can be in­cor­po­rated into a healthy diet.”

In the first study, re­searchers from the In­ter­na­tional Agency for Re­search on Can­cer and Im­pe­rial Col­lege Lon­don used data from the Euro­pean Prospec­tive In­ves­ti­ga­tion into Can­cer and Nutri­tion, a large multi­na­tional co­hort study of more than 520,000 men and women from 10 Euro­pean coun­tries with an av­er­age fol­low-up of 16 years, to com­pare all-cause and cause-spe­cific mor­tal­ity in cof­fee drinkers com­pared to non-cof­fee drinkers.

They found that par­tic­i­pants who re­ported drink­ing three or more cups of cof­fee per day seemed to re­ceive the most ben­e­fit in terms of low­er­ing the rate of death. This was par­tic­u­larly true for dis­eases of the di­ges­tive tract, but also for cir­cu­la­tory dis­eases.

In the sec­ond study, in­ves­ti­ga­tors at the Univer­sity of South­ern Cal­i­for­nia sought to de­ter­mine how cof­fee con­sump­tion af­fected health across mul­ti­ple races by us­ing data from the Mul­ti­eth­nic Co­hort study, which fol­lowed more than 185,000 African Amer­i­cans, Na­tive Amer­i­cans, Hawai­ians, Ja­panese Amer­i­cans, Lati­nos, and whites for an av­er­age of 16 years.

They found that drink­ing cof­fee was as­so­ci­ated with a lower risk due to heart dis­ease, can­cer, stroke, di­a­betes, and res­pi­ra­tory and kid­ney dis­ease for African-Amer­i­cans, Ja­pane­seAmer­i­cans, Lati­nos and whites.

Peo­ple who con­sumed a cup of cof­fee a day were 12 per­cent less likely to die com­pared to those who didn’t drink cof­fee. This as­so­ci­a­tion was even stronger for those who drank two to three cups a day – 18 per­cent re­duced chance of death.

Since cof­fee drink­ing among non­white com­mu­ni­ties pre­vi­ously had lit­tle re­search, this study sub­stan­tially in­creases the gen­er­al­iz­abil­ity of pre­vi­ous find­ings across the racial and eth­nic spec­trum, the re­searchers said.

(REUTERS file photo)

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