JOIN­ING HANDS ACROSS BOR­DERS

Qatar Today - - COVERSTORY > IN THE FRONTLINE, ONLINE -

Do you feel the critical in­fra­struc­ture in this re­gion is more un­der threat than the rest of the world?

When it comes to critical in­fra­struc­ture, dif­fer­ent re­gions across the world are tar­gets of dif­fer­ent types of at­tack. In re­cent years the rate of tar­geted at­tacks has in­creased and crim­i­nals are strate­gi­cally choos­ing their tar­gets based on dif­fer­ent key in­ter­ests. Quan­ti­fy­ing the ef­fect of tar­geted at­tacks is still very chal­leng­ing, so it is dif­fi­cult to make com­par­isons or judge whether one re­gion's ex­pe­ri­ence is worse than an­other's.

Is there a con­sol­i­dated ef­fort by the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to come for­ward to pro­tect as­sets in the Mid­dle East, which if com­pro­mised can have global con­se­quences?

The In­ter­pol Global Com­plex for In­no­va­tion (IGCI) is look­ing to build a net­work of multi-stake­holder part­ner­ships to the ben­e­fit of all re­gions, in­clud­ing the Mid­dle East. The IGCI strives to em­power all coun­tries, whether de­vel­op­ing or de­vel­oped, to ex­pand and re­in­force their ca­pac­ity in deal­ing with cy­ber-at­tacks. We, at In­ter­pol, have long un­der­stood the value of en­gag­ing in a per­ma­nent dia­logue with our mem­ber coun­tries through a vast range of ini­tia­tives, such as work­ing groups and ca­pac­ity build­ing pro­grammes.

The IGCI's ob­jec­tive is to con­tinue along the same lines and to equip all re­gions of the world, in­clud­ing the Mid­dle East, with the skills and knowl­edge to con­duct dig­i­tal crime in­ves­ti­ga­tions and dig­i­tal foren­sic ex­am­i­na­tions. In May 2013, we or­gan­ised the 1st In­ter­pol Dig­i­tal Crime Train­ing Work­shop for Mid­dle East and North Africa in Dubai, UAE, which brought to­gether rep­re­sen­ta­tives from seven coun­tries to im­prove their skills in cy­ber­crime in­ves­ti­ga­tion.

What kinds of cy­ber­crimes will the Global In­no­va­tion Com­plex be es­pe­cially fo­cus­ing on?

Cy­ber is­sues are very com­plex, cov­er­ing a broad range of top­ics and chal­lenges. When dis­cussing cy­ber is­sues, one can be talk­ing about is­sues of na­tional se­cu­rity; es­pi­onage; of cy­ber­crime, the list goes on. In­ter­pol's main ef­forts in this area will fo­cus on crim­i­nal jus­tice rather than na­tional se­cu­rity. The IGCI will im­ple­ment a three­p­ronged strat­egy to ac­tively as­sist na­tional law en­force­ment in de­ter­ring cy­ber crim­i­nals, by har­mon­is­ing co­op­er­a­tion ef­forts, de­vel­op­ing re­gional and in­ter­na­tional ca­pac­ity, and pro­vid­ing op­er­a­tional sup­port on cy­ber­crime.

With prose­cu­tions and ar­rests so low in cy­ber­crime, what can act as a de­ter­rent?

When try­ing to com­bat cy­ber­crime, there are three key chal­lenges for law en­force­ment when try­ing to ar­rest and pros­e­cute a sus­pect: whether coun­tries have suf­fi­cient tech­ni­cal ca­pac­ity to in­ves­ti­gate a cy­ber­crime; whether they can ac­cess or com­pile suf­fi­cient ac­tion­able in­tel­li­gence to ini­ti­ate an in­ves­ti­ga­tion, in­for­ma­tion that is of­ten in the hands of the pri­vate sec­tor; and whether na­tional leg­isla­tive frame­works will al­low them to share or re­ceive in­for­ma­tion from other ju­ris­dic­tions to ul­ti­mately bring a case against the iden­ti­fied sus­pect.

While it is there­fore not a sur­prise that prose­cu­tions and ar­rests may be low in cy­ber­crime, it does not mean that rule of law can­not act as a de­ter­rent. Rather it means that these chal­lenges must be ad­dressed to pro­vide a har­monised re­sponse to this threat. From our per­spec­tive, the so­lu­tion to this is clear: we need a global al­liance, bring­ing to­gether all con­cerned stake­hold­ers from the pri­vate and pub­lic sec­tors, to tackle this new par­a­digm shift and place the nec­es­sary in­for­ma­tion and tech­nol­ogy into the hands of po­lice.

In­ter­pol seeks to im­ple­ment a Global Al­liance against Cy­ber­crime that will fo­cus on three key spheres of ac­tion – leg­isla­tive har­mon­i­sa­tion, ca­pac­ity build­ing, and op­er­a­tional sup­port. We will en­cour­age mem­ber coun­tries to de­velop leg­isla­tive frame­works that em­power po­lice to in­ves­ti­gate cy­ber­crime with a view to pros­e­cu­tion. We will work with mem­ber coun­tries to en­sure that they have the re­quired ded­i­cated re­sources and ex­per­tise to in­ves­ti­gate cy­ber­crime. And fi­nally, we will sup­port our mem­ber coun­tries dur­ing their in­ves­ti­ga­tions, sourc­ing and con­sol­i­dat­ing in­tel­li­gence so that they can take ac­tion.

NOBORU NAKATANI, THE EX­EC­U­TIVE DIREC­TOR OF THE IN­TER­POL GLOBAL COM­PLEX FOR IN­NO­VA­TION, WAS IN DOHA RE­CENTLY AND WE CAUGHT UP WITH HIM FOR A QUICK CHAT.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Qatar

© PressReader. All rights reserved.