Saint Lucia-Quick Facts
Capital: Castries • St. Lucia was known as the Island of the Iguanas by the Amerindian Arawak and Carib people who are known to have been among the earliest settlers here. • At 950 m (3,117ft), Mount Gimie is the highest point on this island nation of St. Lucia. • Both France and England continuously struggled to establish sole control over St Lucia throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries. In the bargain, this island nation changed hands nearly 14 times. • Around the year 1600, the Dutch were the first to build Vieux Fort (or the old fort). • In 1746, the town of Soufriere was built, under French administration. • In 1814, St Lucia was surrendered to the United Kingdom, and came under British rule. • On 1st March, 1967, the island nation of St Lucia became self-governing in internal affairs. • "The Land, The People, The Light" was coined as the national motto of St. Lucia when it obtained total independence from England on 22nd February, 1979. • “Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia” is the national anthem of St Lucia. Penned by Charles Jesse, it has been set to music by Leton Felix Thomas. • Saint Lucia continues to be a current member of the Commonwealth of Nations. • Sir Arthur Lewis, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences in 1979, was born in St Lucia in 1915. • Derek Walcott, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1992, was born in Castries in 1930. • The Pitons - Gros Piton and Petit Piton - are twin volcanic peaks that rise from the sea. These marvelous volcanic * monuments have contributed in a big way to making Saint Lucia very famous. • In 2004, the Pitons Management Area containing much of a collapsed stratovolcano known as the Soufriere Volcanic Centre, became a World Heritage Site. • Population: 172,000 (UN 2009) • Land Mass: 238 square miles (616 square kilometres) • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) • Language(s): English, Creole • Leader of country:Prime Minister: Kenny Anthony • parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm • Life expectancy: 78 years (men), 82 years (women) lll • Administrative Districts: 10 districts; Anse-la-Raye, Canaries, Castries, Choiseul, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort • Independence: 22 February 1979 (from the UK) • Economy: Tourism, Industry, Manufacturing, Agriculture- Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus • Exports: Bananas, cacao, vegetables • Constitution: previous 1958, 1960 (preindependence); latest presented 20 December 1978, effective 22 February 1979; note - a constitutional reform report was submitted to the St. Lucian Parliament in April 2013 (2013) • Legal System: English common law • Age of Consent: 16 • Voting Age: 18 • International Organization Participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CD, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO. • National Symbols: The National Bird; Saint Lucian Parrot-Amazona Versicolor. National Plant-The Bamboo. National Tree-The Calabash.
Nobel Laureatte Derek Walcott.
Dunstan St. Omer: Designer of
Saint Lucia's modern economy was built by