c. 9,000–7,000 BC
After humans in the Fertile Crescent first planted seeds and started farming, they also began domesticating animals. Sheep and goats were the first animals to be tamed, followed by cattle, buffalo, and horses. Humans now had easier access to wool, skins, milk, meat, and manure to fertilise their crops. The first domesticated sheep and goats were most likely raised in Mesopotamia in the Fertile Crescent. The domestication of sheep, cattle and horses was followed by camels, donkeys, pigs and chickens.