Asian Geographic - - In Focus -

Pop­u­la­tion 1.35 bil­lion Pres­i­dent: Xi Jin­ping In 1949, the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China (PRC) came into power af­ter de­feat­ing the na­tion­al­ist op­po­si­tion, which with­drew to Tai­wan. Main­land China op­er­ated un­der the au­thor­i­tar­ian so­cial­ism of founder Mao Ze­dong, un­til the coun­try shifted its eco­nomic poli­cies to adopt a cap­i­tal­ist mar­ket econ­omy. How­ever, the eco­nomic sea change has not trans­lated to the po­lit­i­cal sphere, which is still dom­i­nated by com­mu­nist ide­ol­ogy. Xi Jin­ping be­came pres­i­dent in 2012, and is seen to be de­tract­ing from col­lec­tivism. How­ever, he still re­jects Western democ­racy, and clamps down on any crit­i­cism of the party.

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