Ak­bar Ganji Liu Xiaobo Mo­han­das Gandhi

Asian Geographic - - Care -

The brave Ira­nian jour­nal­ist has voiced his dis­sent against the Ira­nian gov­ern­ment, gain­ing recog­ni­tion for his work on “the chain of mur­ders of Iran”, which ac­cused a set of se­nior of­fi­cials of the killings. This landed him six years in jail. Dur­ing his im­pris­on­ment, he wrote sev­eral im­por­tant es­says, most notably a po­lit­i­cal man­i­festo, which out­lines hopes for democ­racy in Iran. He has also been fiercely crit­i­cal of the war and US oc­cu­pa­tion in Iraq, say­ing: “You can­not bring democ­racy to a coun­try by at­tack­ing it.” He strongly sup­ported the elec­tion protests in Iran in 2009, and car­ried out a hunger strike out­side of the United Na­tions head­quar­ters to draw at­ten­tion to the plight of Ira­nian po­lit­i­cal pris­on­ers, and the con­di­tions of op­pres­sion in the coun­try. The renowned po­lit­i­cal pris­oner was a bas­tion for hu­man rights in China. He was sen­tenced to 11 years in prison for crit­i­cis­ing the com­mu­nist gov­ern­ment through a pe­ti­tion called “Char­ter 08” which called for dras­tic po­lit­i­cal re­forms and the end of one-party rule. His protests against the gov­ern­ment date back to the days build­ing up to Tianan­men Square in 1989, where he was a stu­dent ad­viser, and joined the protest lead­ers in a week­long hunger strike. His writ­ing, teach­ing and hu­man rights ac­tiv­i­ties earned him the No­bel Peace Prize in 2010 – the first Chi­nese cit­i­zen to be ac­corded the hon­our. Ear­lier this year, he was re­leased on med­i­cal pa­role af­ter he was di­ag­nosed with ter­mi­nal can­cer; he re­mained un­der sur­veil­lance. He passed away on July 13, 2017. He is more com­monly known by his name Ma­hatma, which means, “the great-souled one”. He served many prison terms, be­gin­ning with his cam­paign­ing against the racial dis­crim­i­na­tion in South Africa – where he worked for a pe­riod in the early 1900s. He re­belled against the laws that re­quired all In­di­ans in the coun­try to be fin­ger­printed. When back in In­dia, he was sent to jail for cam­paign­ing against Bri­tish rule. Af­ter be­ing charged for con­tempt of the Bri­tish gov­ern­ment in In­dia, he pleaded guilty and was sen­tenced to a six-year prison term, of which he served two years. In Au­gust 1947, In­dia achieved in­de­pen­dence. Af­ter Par­ti­tion, he con­tin­ued to pro­mote peace be­tween Hin­dus and Mus­lims. He was as­sas­si­nated six months later in New Delhi.

“Ne­go­ti­a­tion talks are the best way to solve any­thing. We must re­place wars and weapons with ne­go­ti­a­tions and talks” “I hope that I will be the last vic­tim in China's long record of treat­ing words as crimes" “First they ig­nore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win"

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