Kim Dae-jung Ho Chi Minh Benigno Aquino Jr.

Asian Geographic - - Care -

The for­mer pres­i­dent of South Korea re­ceived the No­bel Peace Prize for his ef­forts at bring­ing democ­racy to the coun­try, and for his work to­wards estab­lish­ing peace and re­uni­fi­ca­tion with North Korea through his Sun­shine Pol­icy. In 2000, he or­gan­ised a sum­mit that al­lowed fam­ily mem­bers sep­a­rated by the border for over four decades to see each other. His strug­gle for democ­racy and im­proved hu­man rights in South Korea led to his house ar­rest and im­pris­on­ment, and nearly cost him his life in 1980; the death sen­tence was changed to 20 years’ im­pris­on­ment. Af­ter three years in jail, he was sent to the US for health rea­sons, only to re­main there in ex­ile. He re­turned to South Korea in 1985. He lost the pres­i­dency three times be­fore he fi­nally won in 1997. Born Nguyen That Thanh, Ho Chi Minh spear­headed the Viet­namese na­tion­al­ist move­ment for 30 years. In 1930, he founded the Indo-chi­nese Com­mu­nist Party, spend­ing the bet­ter part of the decade in the Soviet Union and China. While in South China in 1942, he was ac­cused of be­ing a spy and was ar­rested, spend­ing 18 months in prison. Af­ter Ja­pan in­vaded Indo-china, he re­turned home and started the com­mu­nist move­ment Viet Minh, chang­ing his name to Ho Chi Minh. Fol­low­ing peace talks af­ter eight years of war with the French, he was named pres­i­dent of North Viet­nam, serv­ing from 1954 un­til he died in 1969. The ar­rival of Amer­i­can troops in 1965 kicked off an­other war; a decade later, the com­mu­nists claimed Saigon, and re­named it Ho Chi Minh City. Benigno Aquino Jr. was the leader of the op­po­si­tion run­ning against the pres­i­dent of the time, Fer­di­nand Mar­cos. Aquino rose to po­lit­i­cal fame af­ter be­com­ing the Philip­pines’ youngest town mayor at age 22, and be­came the gov­erner of Tar­lac Prov­ince at 28. His am­bi­tions of be­com­ing pres­i­dent were stalled, how­ever, af­ter Mar­cos im­ple­mented mar­tial law, and put Aquino in prison. Found guilty on charges of sub­ver­sion, il­le­gal pos­ses­sion of firearms, and mur­der, he was sen­tenced to seven years in jail. He was re­leased to un­dergo surgery in the US, where he re­mained in ex­ile for three years. Upon his re­turn to the Philip­pines, he was as­sas­si­nated at the air­port in Manila, spark­ing protests against Mar­cos, who even­tu­ally fled the coun­try.

“Uni­fi­ca­tion is one thing, and sta­bil­ity in North­east Asia is an­other thing" “Re­mem­ber, the storm is a good op­por­tu­nity for the pine and the cy­press to show their strength and their sta­bil­ity” “A time comes in a man’s life when he must pre­fer a mean­ing­ful death to a mean­ing­less life”

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