Kim Dae-jung Ho Chi Minh Benigno Aquino Jr.
The former president of South Korea received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts at bringing democracy to the country, and for his work towards establishing peace and reunification with North Korea through his Sunshine Policy. In 2000, he organised a summit that allowed family members separated by the border for over four decades to see each other. His struggle for democracy and improved human rights in South Korea led to his house arrest and imprisonment, and nearly cost him his life in 1980; the death sentence was changed to 20 years’ imprisonment. After three years in jail, he was sent to the US for health reasons, only to remain there in exile. He returned to South Korea in 1985. He lost the presidency three times before he finally won in 1997. Born Nguyen That Thanh, Ho Chi Minh spearheaded the Vietnamese nationalist movement for 30 years. In 1930, he founded the Indo-chinese Communist Party, spending the better part of the decade in the Soviet Union and China. While in South China in 1942, he was accused of being a spy and was arrested, spending 18 months in prison. After Japan invaded Indo-china, he returned home and started the communist movement Viet Minh, changing his name to Ho Chi Minh. Following peace talks after eight years of war with the French, he was named president of North Vietnam, serving from 1954 until he died in 1969. The arrival of American troops in 1965 kicked off another war; a decade later, the communists claimed Saigon, and renamed it Ho Chi Minh City. Benigno Aquino Jr. was the leader of the opposition running against the president of the time, Ferdinand Marcos. Aquino rose to political fame after becoming the Philippines’ youngest town mayor at age 22, and became the governer of Tarlac Province at 28. His ambitions of becoming president were stalled, however, after Marcos implemented martial law, and put Aquino in prison. Found guilty on charges of subversion, illegal possession of firearms, and murder, he was sentenced to seven years in jail. He was released to undergo surgery in the US, where he remained in exile for three years. Upon his return to the Philippines, he was assassinated at the airport in Manila, sparking protests against Marcos, who eventually fled the country.
“Unification is one thing, and stability in Northeast Asia is another thing" “Remember, the storm is a good opportunity for the pine and the cypress to show their strength and their stability” “A time comes in a man’s life when he must prefer a meaningful death to a meaningless life”