Fu­ture Farm

BBC Earth (Asia) - - Snapshot -

Plunge into the wa­ters off the coast of Noli in north­west­ern Italy, and you might just come across some bub­ble-like pods ly­ing 6-10m be­neath the waves.

These bio­spheres are the brain­child of scuba diver Ser­gio Gam­berini of Ocean Reef Group, who wanted to find a vi­able new way of pro­duc­ing food. The open-bot­tomed bio­spheres, dubbed ‘Nemo’s Gar­den’, pro­vide a self­con­tained en­vi­ron­ment for plants to grow, and con­tain crops such as red cab­bage, basil, gar­lic and straw­ber­ries.

There’s no need for ex­pen­sive heat­ing and wa­ter­ing sys­tems, be­cause the ocean of­fers pro­tec­tion from tem­per­a­ture fluc­tu­a­tions, while the plants are hy­drated by sea­wa­ter that con­denses on the in­ter­nal sur­faces, as seen in this im­age. The bio­spheres re­ceive plenty of sunlight, and are pro­tected from pests and fungi that can wipe out crops on the land.

In 2016, the bio­spheres were rigged up with cam­eras, fans, in­ter­coms and Wi-Fi, and this year the team aims to es­tab­lish the feasibility of the project.


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