...Lip­stick?

BBC Earth (Asia) - - Q&A -

The in­gre­di­ents of lip­stick need to cre­ate some­thing that pro­vides a glossy, smooth colour, which doesn’t wipe off im­me­di­ately and is con­sid­er­ate to a rather del­i­cate part of the body. The ma­jor con­stituents of lip­stick are just wax and oil, but your favourite lippy could also con­tain ma­te­ri­als de­rived from

sheep, in­sects, fish and hot chillis! ML

Wax 30 per cent

Of­ten a mix­ture of beeswax, car­nauba and lano­lin (from sheep wool). To­gether these form the main struc­ture of the lip­stick.

Oil 65 per cent

Typ­i­cally cas­tor oil, this pro­vides glossi­ness and dis­solves the dyes.

Dyes 5 per cent

This varies de­pend­ing on the colour, but a scar­let shade might con­tain carmine red, which is de­rived from scale in­sects.

Plus...

Gua­nine: de­rived from fish scales, this gives the lip­stick pearles­cent sheen.

Cap­saicin: the chem­i­cal that give chillis their heat is added to some lip­sticks to make the lips swell slightly, giv­ing them a plumped-up look.

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