Doc Talk

Dr Karen Soh, med­i­cal di­rec­tor of Prive Aes­thet­ics, ex­plains how en­larged pores come about, and what you can do about them.

Herworld (Singapore) - - SPECIAL -

QI am in my early 30s and use a porem­i­nimis­ing primer to con­ceal my en­larged pores every day. Is there a bet­ter, longterm so­lu­tion to this? – Mirabelle Cheng

APore min­imis­ers work tem­po­rar­ily. In the long term, you need to man­age your skin­care and lifestyle. Keep your face clean, and never go to bed with makeup on. Pores look larger when they’re clogged with dirt and oil. Ex­fo­li­ate reg­u­larly.

Avoid makeup that has come­do­genic in­gre­di­ents such as acety­lated lano­lin, ben­zalde­hyde, al­gae ex­tract, lau­ric acid and stearic acid. And choose water-based prod­ucts over oil-based ones. It also helps to ex­er­cise reg­u­larly, eat a bal­anced diet and stay hy­drated.

Aes­thetic treat­ments which may im­prove en­larged pores in­clude chem­i­cal and laser peels, and frac­tional CO2 laser resur­fac­ing. The Fo­tona 4D laser peel is de­signed to im­prove the ap­pear­ance of the skin and re­duce im­per­fec­tions. The laser is ad­justed to give an ex­tremely con­trolled light peel with­out ther­mal ef­fects, for a more pre­cise treat­ment and less down­time.

Bo­tulinum toxin treat­ments like Dys­port Der­malift, com­bined with Sk­in­booster with Mi­cro Bo­tox, can also help. A doc­tor can rec­om­mend the best one for your skin.

QAre my en­larged pores the re­sult of hav­ing oily skin? Would us­ing beauty prod­ucts for oily skin and those that prom­ise porem­i­nimis­ing ef­fects help them look smaller? – Jan­ice Tay

AWhen oil and dirt build up on skin, it swells, mak­ing pores look larger. So if you have oily skin, you’re likely to have en­larged pores as well, be­cause of the ex­cess se­bum.

But your en­larged pores may not be due solely to oily skin. Pore size is also de­ter­mined by your genes. Age­ing, too, is a fac­tor: Less sup­ple skin causes a re­duc­tion in elas­tic­ity around the pores, so they look big­ger. And UV ex­po­sure, trapped se­bum and dead skin cells can af­fect pore ap­pear­ance.

To get around this, re­toinoids such as ada­pa­lene and roac­cu­tane help re­duce se­bum in skin, so pore size is re­duced. The Fo­tona acne laser treat­ment can also help to re­duce the ac­tiv­ity of the glands, which could re­duce oili­ness and ap­par­ent pore size.

You can try Omega Light Facether­apy ($98), a cus­tomised fa­cial that uses four different photo dy­namic LED lights to treat dull skin, acne, sen­si­tive skin, acne scars and pig­men­ta­tion. It also sup­presses the se­ba­ceous glands.

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