KNOWING YOUR TV SET
Consumers looking to get a TV will usually face plenty of confounding terminology and jargon that the industry tends to throw around in marketing spiels. Here’s a basic guide for what you need to know.
Originally called “connected TVs”, these TVs can be connected to the Internet and come with built-in apps such as Youtube and Netflix. Different companies load their Smart TVs with various apps, so check which ones are offered before buying.
HD means “high-definition”. It refers to the resolution of the screen measured by the number of pixels (px). A Full HD resolution is 1,920 by 1,080 px.
Like its name suggests, Ultra HD has a higher resolution than Full HD. It is also marketed as UHD or UHDTV. The resolution should be 3,840 by 2,160 px or more for an aspect ratio of 16:9 or wider. To most consumers, Ultra HD and 4K mean the same thing.
When cinemas went digital, they began screening movies in 4K, at 4,096 by 2,160 px. Companies started marketing their Ultra HD TVs as 4K even though these did not meet the technical specs, although most have refrained from this practice recently. Naysayers point out that it’s useless to own a 4K TV when the size of a TV screen at home is nowhere near the size of a cinema screen.
ULTRA HD PREMIUM
In 2015, the industry established a set of technical standards that a TV must meet to be labelled a “premium” Ultra HD TV. These include brightness, colour details and contrast.