In 2008, Kung Fu Panda took a total of 391 artists and approximately 4.5 years to create. The Jade palace was made of 88,100 different surfaces/ pieces, and 1,040,229 individual confetti pieces were used in the scene where Po was chosen as the Dragon Warrior. 50 TB of data and nearly 25 million render hours were needed for the production. In 2011, Kung Fu Panda 2 took 100TB of data, and more than 55 million render hours to accommodate for the switch to stereoscopic 3-D and the new aspirations of the filmmakers. The final battle scene in the harbor and canals of Gongmen City, is calculated to contain more than 60 million gallons of water. This scene alone took more than 7 million render hours, and required 14,000 frames. 2012’s Rise of the Guardians took more than 250 TB of disk storage, and is composed of more than 130,000 individual frames, requiring more than 65 million render hours. One of the most complicated special effects in the film involves the sand used by both the Sandman and Pitch Black. As many as a billion sand particles were used to create the sand shapes for one scene.