TYPES OF HYBRIDS
Broadly speaking, hybrids cars fall under three main categories depending on their capabilities.
Mild hybrids refer to cars with limited hybrid utilization. In the case of automobiles, it means that they cannot run solely on batteries alone - the engine cannot be switched off. Some examples of mild hybrids include the Honda’s CR-Z and Insight and Mercedes-Benz’s S400 Hybrid.
Full hybrids, sometimes known as strong hybrids, are hybrid cars that can run solely off batteries, just off the engine or a combination of both. The main difference between full and mild hybrids is that the former can run purely on electricity, albeit for a limited range. Most hybrids are full hybrids and some examples include the Toyota Prius, Chevrolet Volt and even the new McLaren P1 and Porsche 918 Spyder hypercars.
Some full hybrids are also known as plug-in hybrids. As the name suggests, these cars have batteries that can be recharged by plugging into the electric grid either via regular wall sockets or using specialized charging equipment. They can then use this energy that was stored whilst being plugged in to travel for a limited range before activating their internal combustion engine to increase range. An example of a plug-in hybrid is Porsche’s Panamera S E-Hybrid.