Broadly speak­ing, hy­brids cars fall un­der three main cat­e­gories depend­ing on their ca­pa­bil­i­ties.

HWM (Singapore) - - FEATURE -

Mild Hy­brids

Mild hy­brids re­fer to cars with limited hy­brid uti­liza­tion. In the case of au­to­mo­biles, it means that they can­not run solely on bat­ter­ies alone - the en­gine can­not be switched off. Some ex­am­ples of mild hy­brids in­clude the Honda’s CR-Z and In­sight and Mercedes-Benz’s S400 Hy­brid.

Full Hy­brids

Full hy­brids, some­times known as strong hy­brids, are hy­brid cars that can run solely off bat­ter­ies, just off the en­gine or a com­bi­na­tion of both. The main dif­fer­ence be­tween full and mild hy­brids is that the for­mer can run purely on elec­tric­ity, al­beit for a limited range. Most hy­brids are full hy­brids and some ex­am­ples in­clude the Toy­ota Prius, Chevrolet Volt and even the new McLaren P1 and Porsche 918 Spy­der hy­per­cars.

Plug-in Hy­brids

Some full hy­brids are also known as plug-in hy­brids. As the name sug­gests, th­ese cars have bat­ter­ies that can be recharged by plug­ging into the elec­tric grid ei­ther via regular wall sock­ets or us­ing spe­cial­ized charg­ing equip­ment. They can then use this en­ergy that was stored whilst be­ing plugged in to travel for a limited range be­fore ac­ti­vat­ing their in­ter­nal com­bus­tion en­gine to in­crease range. An ex­am­ple of a plug-in hy­brid is Porsche’s Panam­era S E-Hy­brid.

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