The Doc Bot Will See You Now

AR­TI­FI­CIAL IN­TEL­LI­GENCE IS MEDICINE’S FU­TURE. BUT CER­TAIN AS­PECTS ARE AVAIL­ABLE NOW. HERE ARE 12 WAYS AI CAN BOOST YOUR HEALTH.

Men's Health (Singapore) - - HEALTH -

When Greg Cor­rado, PH.D., an ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence re­searcher, took the stage at the TedMed Con­fer­ence last year, he was frank. “Doc­tors who part­ner with ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence as a de­ci­sion-mak­ing aid will see their heal­ing pow­ers ex­pand more than they have in the past 100 years,” he told the au­di­ence of med­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als. Cor­rado is a prin­ci­pal sci­en­tist at Google AI and an ex­pert in ma­chine learn­ing. “To prac­tice medicine to­day,” he con­tin­ued, “is to weather an in­for­ma­tion hur­ri­cane. . .AI [and ma­chine learn­ing] is our best op­por­tu­nity to tame the data beast and ac­tu­ally scale care to meet de­mand.”

Sound like sci-fi? Not to the hos­pi­tals, re­searchers, and med schools work­ing with Mi­crosoft, Ap­ple, IBM, Google, In­tel, and GE. Com­pa­nies are cre­at­ing al­go­rithms to sort med­i­cal records, de­ter­mine treat­ments, di­ag­nose sep­sis in as lit­tle as 12 hours, and even pre­dict who will skip their next doc­tor’s ap­point­ment. Cloud-based, deep-learn­ing tech­nol­ogy is also be­ing used to re­view MRIs to as­sess blood flow and scan for heart dis­ease faster and more ac­cu­rately than even the best ra­di­ol­o­gists can.

Although the field is still in its in­fancy, here are 12 in­no­va­tive AI-based tech­nolo­gies you can tap to­day to im­prove your health.

SENSELY

Ad­mit it–you’ve al­ways wanted a pri­vate-duty nurse. Well, next time you have surgery, an in­ter­ac­tive, vir­tual health as­sis­tant named Molly may fol­low up with you at home. The avatar can check symp­toms, pull info from med­i­cal de­vices and wear­ables, and book fol­low-up ap­point­ments. (Sorry, no sponge baths.) No need to type–you speak to Molly, and all your info is au­to­mat­i­cally up­loaded to your med­i­cal file for your doc­tor to re­view.

BEST FOR Peo­ple who are frus­trated by the has­sles of con­ven­tional fol­low-up care or who need to closely mon­i­tor a chronic dis­ease

FIND IT sensely.com

WOEBOT

Wary of ther­apy? Not into talk­ing about your men­tal health? This chat­bot, cre­ated by Stan­ford clin­i­cal re­search psy­chol­o­gist Alison Darcy, Ph.D., uses brief daily con­ver­sa­tions, mood graph­ing, up­lift­ing videos, and word games via Face­book’s Mes­sen­ger to mon­i­tor your mood and help you learn about your­self. Over time, Woebot learns what you re­spond to best, and its re­ac­tions be­come more spe­cific. In a 2017 study, users saw sig­nif­i­cant re­duc­tions in de­pres­sion and anx­i­ety symp­toms af­ter two weeks and an av­er­age of 12 ses­sions us­ing Woebot.

BEST FOR The ther­apy-averse

FIND IT woebot.io

AiCURE

Missed doses of pre­scrip­tion meds can in­ter­fere with re­cov­ery and even be life-threat­en­ing. AiCure uses AI and a smart­phone cam­era to vis­ually con­firm that the pill was taken. Af­ter check­ing the pa­tient’s iden­tity through fa­cial recog­ni­tion, this clin­i­cally backed app ver­i­fies the med­i­ca­tion type (based on its shape and colour) and in­ges­tion, and then sends con­fir­ma­tion to a doc­tor. It also sends daily med­i­ca­tion re­minders.

BEST FOR The in­cred­i­bly busy, the hope­lessly ab­sent-minded, and es­pe­cially re­mote care­tak­ers of age­ing par­ents

FIND IT aicure.com

SEMANTIC SCHOLAR

When you’re given a life-al­ter­ing di­ag­no­sis and you need to ed­u­cate your­self on treat­ment op­tions, for­get Google. This AI-pow­ered search en­gine checks a data­base of over 40 mil­lion peer-re­viewed stud­ies, pulls the most cited and rel­e­vant ones, and finds con­nec­tions based on ef­fec­tive­ness. Its long-term goal is us­ing ma­chine in­tel­li­gence to con­nect the dots be­tween stud­ies and iden­tify cures that might oth­er­wise be missed.

BEST FOR Any­one need­ing trust­wor­thy med­i­cal in­for­ma­tion drawn from the lat­est sci­ence

FIND IT se­man­tic­scholar.org

ARTAS RO­BOTIC HAIR RESTORA­TION

Ex­ist­ing hair-trans­plant meth­ods can be painstak­ing: Hairs are man­u­ally har­vested from a donor spot on your head and then im­planted in bald or thin­ning ar­eas. This AI-pow­ered robot as­sists sur­geons in se­lect­ing the best hairs for har­vest­ing and then trans­plant­ing them, which is said to en­cour­age faster

WARY OF TALK THER­APY? WOEBOT CAN MON­I­TOR YOUR MOOD AND HELP YOU FEEL LESS DE­PRESSED.

DI­AG­NOSE YOUR GAIT CLIP A COACH ONTO YOUR SHORTS AND GET REAL-TIME FEED­BACK.

re­cov­ery and a more nat­u­ral look. BEST FOR Bald­ing men with money FIND IT ar­tashair.com

HEARTFLOW

In­stead of the dyes and catheters in­volved in an an­giogram, doc­tors are di­ag­nos­ing heart dis­ease with this non-in­va­sive tech­nol­ogy that uses CT scans, com­puter-gen­er­ated blood-flow, and a deep-learn­ing al­go­rithm to pro­duce a 3D map of the heart. The de­tailed analy­ses of block­ages and blood-flow have been shown to re­duce the num­ber of un­nec­es­sary in­va­sive an­giograms by more than 80 per­cent, po­ten­tially re­duc­ing health care costs by more than 25 per­cent. It also comes with 86 per­cent di­ag­nos­tic ac­cu­racy (ver­sus 65 per­cent for coro­nary CT an­giog­ra­phy). It’s avail­able in some 40 hos­pi­tals in the United States, with many more ex­pected in the fu­ture.

BEST FOR Any­one who’s in need of a com­pre­hen­sive heart dis­ease di­ag­no­sis

FIND IT heartflow.com

BUT­TER­FLY iQ

Doc­tors are of­ten de­layed in mak­ing di­ag­noses be­cause they don’t have im­me­di­ate ac­cess to ul­tra­sound ma­chines. If you’re in pain from, say, pos­si­ble kid­ney stones, that wait can be ex­cru­ci­at­ing. The But­ter­fly iQ is a pocket-sized ul­tra­sound scan­ner that con­nects to an iPhone, with AI soft­ware that helps the doc­tor in­ter­pret the im­ages quickly. It’s cleared by the FDA for 13 dif­fer­ent in­di­ca­tions. While it’s not avail­able to con­sumers, it will ap­pear in ERs in 2018. BEST FOR Any health care provider who needs an ul­tra­sound, stat FIND IT but­ter­fly­net­work. com

WAT­SON FOR ON­COL­OGY

Physi­cians deal­ing with can­cer cases can some­times take weeks to work up a treat­ment plan. IBM’s Wat­son for On­col­ogy draws on train­ing from ex­perts at Memo­rial Sloan Ket­ter­ing Can­cer Cen­ter as well as a plethora of med­i­cal lit­er­a­ture–in­clud­ing more than 300 med­i­cal jour­nals and 200 text­books, and nearly 15 mil­lion pages of text--to tai­lor a treat­ment plan based on the pa­tient’s symp­toms, ge­net­ics, and his­tory. And it does it in min­utes.

BEST FOR Can­cer pa­tients who want the real-world sen­si­bil­ity of a doc­tor and an AI-based opin­ion

FIND IT ibm.com/wat­son/ health

LUMO RUN

Sim­ple: Clip this sen­sor to your shorts, and the Mo­tionS­cience Plat­form analy­ses biome­chanic feed­back (ca­dence, brak­ing, bounce, pelvic ro­ta­tion, pelvic drop) to de­liver real-time tips on your run­ning form. It also sug­gests pre- and post-run ex­er­cises to ad­dress weak spots. An­other prod­uct, Lumo Lift (worn on the col­lar­bone) works sim­i­larly for pos­ture.

BEST FOR Recre­ational and com­pet­i­tive run­ners who want to im­prove their form and avoid in­jury

FIND IT lu­mo­bodytech.com

PATIENTSLIKEME

Af­ter a di­ag­no­sis, share your dis­ease ex­pe­ri­ence, symp­toms, and treat­ment info on PatientsLikeMe–the world’s largest pa­tient net­work–to gain in­sight from peo­ple with the same con­di­tion. With more than 600,000 mem­bers and 2,800 con­di­tions, the plat­form now uses AI in its Dig­i­talMe pro­gram, which cre­ates a more com­plete ver­sion of each pa­tient by analysing their genes and biomark­ers, trac­ing the dis­ease’s pro­gres­sion, and study­ing the fac­tors af­fect­ing it.

BEST FOR Those seek­ing in­sight via crowd­sourc­ing, as well as re­search ad­vo­cates, es­pe­cially if it’s a dis­ease that isn’t well un­der­stood, like ALS.

FIND IT patientslikeme.com

COL­GATE CON­NECT E1

This tooth­brush uses 3D mo­tion sen­sors, an ac­celerom­e­ter, a gy­ro­scope, and a mag­ne­tome­ter to track its ex­act po­si­tion and ori­en­ta­tion, giv­ing you real-time feed­back via your phone as you brush. AI sifts through the data to send weekly coach­ing tips.

BEST FOR Bud­ding ac­tors and the cav­ity-prone

FIND IT col­gate.com/en-us/ con­nect/e1

NOOM

This app claims to have changed 45 mil­lion lives, with 78 per­cent of users los­ing weight and keep­ing it off nine months later. By us­ing AI and hu­man “goal spe­cial­ists,” it cre­ates cus­tom nu­tri­tion/ ex­er­cise cour­ses. Noom is the first pro­gram of its kind to be rec­og­nized by the CDC for di­a­betes preven­tion.

BEST FOR Peo­ple who need per­sonal coach­ing and are or­ga­nized enough to in­put their data con­sis­tently

FIND IT noom.com

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