THE BASICS OF TIME
Time is a concept that has remained rather consistent throughout the developing civilisations of the world. The Egyptians, using sundials, split the day into 10 parts with two parts for twilight, and night time the same way. The Sumerians and Indians had the day split into 12 or 24 parts. In China, the day was similarly constructed into 12 parts of two hours each. The reason for 12? The lunar cycle, by which farmers would plan their harvest and planting seasons.
Regardless of what watch you use, be it a Casio or a Breguet, digital or analogue, watches have evolved very slowly over the centuries. Water clocks gave way to clock towers and grandfather clocks, which in turn became compacted into Nuremberg eggs and eventually fob and wrist watches. Even the internals of a watch, no matter how simple or complicated, works much the same way. Every watch has a power source, whether electric or mechanical, a gear train and a display method.
THE ESSENTIALS OF WATCH MAKING
Talking about watches and don't want to sound like a fool? Here are some tips that will make you sound like a savant, even with an expert watch maker or collector.
ALL WATCHES LOSE TIME The perfect watch that never loses a second does not exist, even if you count an atomic clock. Mechanical watches lose time because they are crafted by hand, and the design of the regulation (the balance and hairspring) are fitted and
The mechanical watch is a construct of centuries of knowledge, while quartz timepieces represent a breaking milestone in the world when electronics began to rule. Whichever you prefer, it's important that you be able to distinguish between the two. A quick spot test is to observe the seconds hand of a watch. If it leaps from second to second, it’s most likely a quartz watch. If the second hand sweeps around the dial, it’s mechanical.
adjusted by hand. Quartz watches lose time for a number of reasons, from the circuitry in a watch or even the ambient temperature.
WATER RESISTANT VS WATER PROOF No watch is water proof. Most watches bear a water resistance indication, that suggests they have been built to seal the case against water entry up to a certain level of pressure. Various types of watches may offer different levels of water resistance.
MECHANICAL WATCHES ARE BETTER Itʼs not a matter of better or worse, simply a choice and preference. Mechanical watches offer a glimpse into an industry that has persisted for over three centuries, while quartz watches are practical accessories today. Mechanical timepieces do offer the advantage of being repairable, even through centuries of use.
The term frequently comes up in mechanical watches. Some companies base their watch movements upon industry-wide suppliers, while others take it upon themselves to create or produce their own watch movements. While the latter is certainly more prestigious (and tends to be priced accordingly), the former is more common. ETA is an ubiquitous name in watchmaking for both quartz and mechanical movements, and is a highly reliable and well-recognised source.
OSCILLATION RATE The rate at which a mechanical balance oscillates determines how it breaks down time into incremental parts per second for regulation. While a faster rate suggests a more accurate movement, this is not definite.
SERVICING All mechanical watches need to be serviced and checked from time to time. Like a car, a tune-up helps to ensure that all the parts in your watch are working perfectly. Some brands recommend sending in your watch for repair every three or four years, but in general, a check every five years should suffice.
How Watches Work
It starts with an energy source (battery or mainspring) that powers a counting and transmission standard (a gear train or frequency circuit divider). Distribution of the energy is done via the escapement (mechanical) or stepping motor (digital), and a regulation system such as a balance and hairspring or a quartz regulator.