PREVENTION IS THE BEST CURE
It may be tempting to imagine that there is some magic pill to “fix” Type 2 diabetes, but diet and exercise will continue to be the foundation for managing diabetes and it really does take discipline. Some people need oral medication or insulin.
If you want to prevent yourself from developing Type 2 diabetes, you need to make sure your lifestyle works for you in the long-term, particularly if you are already overweight or you have a close relative with Type 2 diabetes or other risk factors.
Prevention steps are simple. They involve losing some weight and keeping it off with a reduced-calorie diet, and being physically active every day. It is tempting to think you can just deal with it if you develop diabetes, but the damage could start before you know you have the disease. Diabetes can cause stroke, heart disease, foot ulcers, eye problems and kidney disease. The longer you have diabetes, the more likely it is to affect your long-term health, so preventing or even delaying its onset as long as possible will preserve your well-being.
The latest dietary “discovery” is the benefit of intermittent fasting. There are several variations like the 5:2 diet (restricting calories two days a week) or skipping meals. You will need advice from your doctor and a dietician if you want to try this. This is, however, not suitable for people with Type 1 diabetes, or if you are on blood sugar-lowering medication or insulin.
The gut microbiome is another fascinating area of interest, and studies to learn more about how probiotics can help women with gestational diabetes are still ongoing.