最后的名画

Last But Not Least

ZbBZ (Singapore) - - CONTENTS - TEXT黄向京 NG SIANG PING /

人 生有限,艺术无限。世上知名的大画家穷尽有限一生,充沛创作,从早期的青涩,画风逐渐成熟,自成一家。死亡降临之前,他们最后的画作是怎样的?他们的告别人世之作里流露对死亡的恐惧,与死亡共舞,还是拥抱最后的生命?

The hu­man life­span might be limited, but true art tran­scends time. Fa­mous artists de­vote their lives to hon­ing their craft. But as the end draws near, do their fi­nal works con­vey their dread of death or cel­e­brate life? 毕加索 Pablo Ruiz Pi­casso 1881-1973 西班牙天才画家、立体派创始人毕加索离开人世之前,画了自己。准确地说,画了面对死亡深渊的自画像《面对死亡的自画像》。毕加索1973年4月8日凌晨醒来后,无法下床,唤了太太,十分钟后过世,死因为心脏衰竭。

去世九个月前,毕加索用蜡笔在纸上画了这样一个令人畏惧的形象:一双似乎因惶恐而睁大的眼睛,紧闭的双唇,憔悴的脸庞衬着鲜明凸出的颧骨,这与他实际的长相很不同。一生创作估计有五万件作品(包括绘画、素描、雕塑)的毕加索,在人生最后的日子里,创作了三张自画像。朋友Pierre Daix回忆去探访毕卡索时,画家将自画像放在脸旁,对照画里流露的恐惧。三个月后重访,自画像的线条更加深刻,眼都不眨一下,令他联想到画家正在面对死亡。 The last well-known self-por­trait by the in­flu­en­tial Span­ish artist was com­pleted about nine months be­fore his death at age 91. Ti­tled Self Por­trait Fac­ing Death (June 1972), it was drawn with crayon and showed ter­ri­fied eyes, pursed lips and a gaunt face, which was very dif­fer­ent from how he looked.

In fact, Pi­casso com­pleted a few other self-por­traits days be­fore and af­ter this one. A friend, Pierre Daix, re­called vis­it­ing Pi­casso while he was work­ing on the fa­mous piece. “[Pi­casso] held the draw­ing be­side his face to show that the ex­pres­sion of fear was a con­trivance.” On a sub­se­quent visit three months later, Pierre found that the harsh coloured lines had be­come even deeper. He wrote: “He did not blink. I had the sud­den im­pres­sion that he was star­ing his own death in the face, like a good Spa­niard.”

A pro­lific artist, Pi­casso produced an es­ti­mated 50,000 art­works, in­clud­ing paint­ings, draw­ings and sculp­tures. His death was sud­den. He woke up early one morn­ing and, find­ing him­self un­able to get out of bed, called for his wife. Ten min­utes later, he died of a heart at­tack. 梵高 Vin­cent van Gogh 1853-1890 大家一直以为荷兰大画家、后印象派代表梵高的《麦田和乌鸦》(Wheat­field With Crows,1890)是他告别作。或许因为一大片麦田里黑暗云层中纷飞的乌鸦,犹如死神派来的使者召唤,更能隐喻画家频临疯狂的边缘。后来,研究者在 《关于梵高的新发现》一书中阐明:《树根》很可能是他的最后作品!

《树根》是梵高离开圣雷米的疗养院后,在奥维尔小镇完成的。最初以为这是一堆抽象的明亮颜色,细看才发觉是斜坡上的树干与树根。这种树用来做木材,种在泥灰石地,在奥维尔随处可见。显然的,这幅画并没完成。画家弟弟提

毕加索的《面对死亡的自画像》。

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