ON THIS DAY
1798 Flemish and Luxembourgish peasants launch the rebellion against French rule known as the Peasants’ War. 1860 Sir Harry Smith, former Cape governor, dies in London. The towns of Harrismith and Ladysmith are named after him and his Spanish wife, Juana.
1899 The first shots of the second AngloBoer War are fired at Kraaipan, south of Mafeking, where General De la Rey attacks an armoured train.
1901 US President Theodore Roosevelt renames Washington’s “Executive Mansion” as “The White House”.
1908 The National Convention meets in Durban to discuss unification of the four South African colonies.
1915 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth automobile.
1960 Television viewers in Japan unexpectedly witness the assassination of Inejiro Asanuma, leader of the Japan Socialist Party, when he is stabbed to death during a live broadcast.
1984 IRA bombs the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where British prime minister Margaret Thatcher is staying; five die. 1991 ANC deputy president Nelson Mandela states his party is prepared to abandon its long-held policy of nationalisation if the business community can provide an alternative which will redress the country’s economic imbalances.
2000 The destroyer USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
2002 Terrorists bombs in Bali’s nightclub district kill 202 and injure 209 people, most of them foreign tourists.
2006 The ANC Women’s League states that crime has gone far enough, and that the government has to pull up its socks.
2012 The UN Security Council orders an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali.
2013 50 people are killed after a truck veers off a cliff in La Convención Province, Peru.