Bio­di­ver­sity hot spot

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This veg­e­ta­tion type is dom­i­nated by a species of grey-coloured plant called the Renos­ter­bos. How­ever, the Proteas, Eri­cas and Restios, typ­i­cal of Fyn­bos habi­tats, tend to oc­cur in very low abun­dance in Renos­ter­veld A bio­di­ver­sity hot spot is a bio­geo­graphic re­gion with a sig­nif­i­cant reser­voir of bio­di­ver­sity. Around the world, 25 ar­eas qual­ify un­der this def­i­ni­tion, with nine other pos­si­ble can­di­dates. SA is one of the most di­verse coun­tries with three bio­di­ver­sity hot spots:

Suc­cu­lent Ka­roo

The desert ecore­gion no­table for the world’s rich­est flora of suc­cu­lent plants and har­bours about one-third of the world’s ap­prox­i­mately 10 000 suc­cu­lent species

The

Ma­puta­landPon­doland-Al­bany

Bio­di­ver­sity Hot Spot unites four di­verse cen­tres of en­demism cul­mi­nat­ing in six of SA’s eight biomes along the east coast of south­ern Africa

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