Most of the region is covered with fynbos, a sclerophyllous shrubland occurring on acid sands, or nutrient-poor soils derived from Table Mountain sandstone. Fynbos is home to an amazing diversity of species, including members of the Protea family (Proteaceae), Heath family (Ericaceae) and Reed family of restios (Restionaceae).
The king protea (Protea cynaroides) is the national flower of SA. It is found in southern fynbos regions and adapted to survive wildfires by its thick underground stem Other vegetation types are sandveld, a soft coastal scrubland found mostly on the west-facing coast, on tertiary sands. Renosterveld is a grassy shrubland dominated by members of the daisy family (Asteraceae), graminoids and geophytes, occurring on the base-rich shaley soils of the coastal forelands