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“However, our education and awareness programme does not guarantee that athletes will not cheat or claim that ‘they did not know’.
“Thozama April is a professional athlete who has a diploma in sports management and was tested before this event. The tribunal did not accept her argument that she did not know. She also did not reveal what the possible sources of doping positives could have been, so inadvertent/accidental doping could not be considered.”
April represented the country at the IAAF World Half Marathon Championships in Nanning, China, in 2010, where she came 50th.
She joined another marathon runner, Martinique Potgieter (25), who is serving a two-year ban after testing positive for a stimulant and a diuretic after finishing ninth in the Comrades Marathon last year.
She was the only runner who failed among the 20 who were tested at the famous ultramarathon.
South African 100m record holder Simon Magakwe is also serving a twoyear ban after failing to submit to doping controls in an out-ofcompetition test last year. Since 2010, 19 marathon runners have tested positive for banned substances in South Africa. The most common stimulants found in these tests have been methylhexaneamine and nandrolone. The former is used mainly as a fat metaboliser or burner, while nandrolone is an anabolic steroid. Fourteen of the 19 runners who tested positive were found to have one of these two substances in their systems.