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dual ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem and labour mar­ket.

“The ma­jor­ity of schools are of low qual­ity. Teach­ers are de­mo­ti­vated. There is very lit­tle ev­i­dence show­ing they are im­prov­ing. Top jobs in the labour mar­ket are fed by for­mer Model C school learn­ers,” he said in a pre­sen­ta­tion on Wed­nes­day.

“No mat­ter how gov­ern­ment in­ter­venes with social grants and black eco­nomic em­pow­er­ment, that is not go­ing to solve inequality in the labour mar­ket. Start with ed­u­ca­tion.”

The study found that out of every 100 pupils en­ter­ing the ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem, 60 write ma­tric, 37 pass, 12 ac­cess univer­sity, six com­plete their de­grees and only four move on to land high-earn­ing jobs.

Van der Berg said young black peo­ple, even if they were bet­ter qual­i­fied, did not have bet­ter em­ploy­ment prospects than the gen­er­a­tion be­fore them.

Asked about any im­pact had by Tech­ni­cal and Vo­ca­tional Ed­u­ca­tion and Train­ing (TVET) col­leges, Van der Berg said: “We don’t know what we have there. The im­pres­sion one gets is not pos­i­tive. It does not seem to be tar­geted by em­ploy­ers. Most par­ents don’t want to send their chil­dren to TVET col­leges. There are is­sues there and proper re­search is needed on TVET col­leges.”

Van der Berg said ma­tric was still an im­por­tant fac­tor con­sid­ered by em­ploy­ers.

And al­though the coun­try’s ed­u­ca­tion

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