Time is run­ning out

CityPress - - News -

After much de­bate, the US For the first time, the de­cides to pur­sue the hy­dro­gen US and Soviet Union bomb, a weapon far more ap­pear ea­ger to avoid pow­er­ful than any atomic bomb. di­rect con­fronta­tion in In Oc­to­ber 1952, the US tests re­gional con­flicts its first ther­monu­clear de­vice; nine months later, the Sovi­ets test an H-bomb of their own ─ Con­cerns re­gard­ing a nu­clear ter­ror­ist at­tack un­der­score the enor­mous amount of un­se­cured (and some­times un­ac­counted for) weapon-grade nu­clear ma­te­ri­als lo­cated through­out the world. Mean­while, the US ex­presses a de­sire to de­sign new nu­clear weapons, with an em­pha­sis on those able to de­stroy hard­ened and deeply buried tar­gets In­dia and Pak­istan stage nu­clear weapons tests only three weeks apart The US and Soviet The Soviet in­va­sion of Union still view nu­clear Afghanistan hard­ens the US weapons as an in­te­gral nu­clear pos­ture and they com­po­nent of their con­sider ways in which the US na­tional se­cu­rity could win a nu­clear war US-Soviet re­la­tions reach their ici­est point in decades. Di­a­logue be­tween the two su­per­pow­ers vir­tu­ally stops The US and Soviet Union sign the his­toric In­ter­me­di­ate- Range Nu­clear Forces Treaty

The prob­a­bil­ity of global catas­tro­phe is high, and the ac­tions needed to re­duce the risks of dis­as­ter must be taken soon De­spite some mod­estly pos­i­tive de­vel­op­ments in the climate change arena, cur­rent ef­forts are en­tirely in­suf­fi­cient to pre­vent a cat­a­strophic warm­ing of Earth. Mean­while, the US and Rus­sia have em­barked on mas­sive pro­grams to mod­ernise their nu­clear tri­ads thereby un­der­min­ing ex­ist­ing nu­clear weapons treaties Po­lit­i­cal pro­cesses seem wholly in­ad­e­quate; the po­ten­tial for nu­clear weapons use in re­gional con­flicts in the Mid­dle East, north­east Asia, and south Asia are alarm­ing Talks be­tween Wash­ing­ton and Moscow for a fol­lowon agree­ment to the Strate­gic Arms Re­duc­tion Treaty are nearly com­plete, and more ne­go­ti­a­tions for fur­ther re­duc­tions in the US and Rus­sian nu­clear ar­se­nal are al­ready planned The world stands at the brink of a sec­ond nu­clear age. The US and Rus­sia re­main ready to stage a nu­clear at­tack within min­utes, North Korea con­ducts a nu­clear test, and many in the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity worry that Iran plans to ac­quire The Bomb The first mag­a­zine cover with the clock Hopes for a large post-Cold War peace div­i­dend and a re­nounc­ing of nu­clear weapons fade. There is also con­cern that ter­ror­ists could ex­ploit poorly secured nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties in the for­mer Soviet Union With the Cold War of­fi­cially over, the US and Rus­sia be­gin mak­ing deep cuts to their nu­clear ar­se­nals In late 1989, the Berlin Wall falls, sym­bol­i­cally end­ing the Cold War

It sym­bol­ises the ur­gency of the nu­clear dan­gers that the broader sci­en­tific com­mu­nity is try­ing to con­vey to the pub­lic and po­lit­i­cal lead­ers around the world The Soviet Union de­nies it, but Pres­i­dent Harry Tru­man tells the Amer­i­can pub­lic that the Sovi­ets tested their first nu­clear de­vice, of­fi­cially start­ing the arms race After a decade of al­most non-stop nu­clear tests, the US and Soviet Union sign the Par­tial Test Ban Treaty, which ends all at­mo­spheric nu­clear test­ing Re­gional wars rage. US in­volve­ment in Viet­nam in­ten­si­fies, In­dia and Pak­istan bat­tle in 1965, and Is­rael and its Arab neigh­bors re­new hos­til­i­ties in 1967. Worse yet, France and China de­velop nu­clear weapons to as­sert them­selves as global play­ers Nearly all of the world's na­tions come to­gether to sign the Nu­clear Non­Pro­lif­er­a­tion Treaty The US and Soviet Union at­tempt to curb the race for nu­clear su­pe­ri­or­ity by sign­ing the Strate­gic Arms Lim­i­ta­tion Treaty (SALT) and the Anti-Bal­lis­tic Mis­sile (ABM) Treaty In­dia tests its first nu­clear de­vice. The US and Soviet Union ap­pear to be mod­ernising their nu­clear forces, not re­duc­ing them

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