Africa tops global hunger index, driven by war
ROME: Global hunger has fallen more than a quarter since 2000, but conflict and climate shocks are beginning to reverse these gains, an annual global hunger index said.
Nearly half of the 119 countries surveyed had “serious”, “alarming” or “extremely alarming” hunger levels between 2012 and last year, with war-torn Central African Republic worst affected, followed by Chad, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Zambia.
“Conflict and climate-related shocks are at the heart of this problem,” said Dominic MacSorley, chief executive of Concern, which compiled the report along with the International Food Policy Research Institute and Welthungerhilfe.
About half of the populations in the hungriest countries were short of food, it said.
South Sudan and Somalia, which are at risk of renewed famine, were among 13 countries excluded from the index because of lack of data.
The UN said last month that global hunger levels have risen for the first time in more than a decade, now affecting 11% of the world’s population – or 815 million people.
Famine struck parts of South Sudan earlier this year, and there is a high risk that it could return there – and develop in other countries hit by conflict: northeast Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. – Reuters