THINGS THAT AF­FECT FER­TIL­ITY

DRUM - - Health -

Whether you’re male or fe­male, the fol­low­ing fac­tors could af­fect how fer­tile you are: AGE This is par­tic­u­larly im­por­tant for women. As well as re­duc­ing the like­li­hood of get­ting preg­nant, there’s also a higher risk of ab­nor­mal­i­ties in a woman’s eggs as she ages. Mis­car­riages are more com­mon in older women. WEIGHT Be­ing ei­ther over- or un­der­weight can cause prob­lems. Too lit­tle or too much body fat can af­fect a woman’s men­strual cy­cle and shut the re­pro­duc­tive process down al­to­gether. SMOK­ING It’s been sug­gested that smok­ing may re­duce sperm pro­duc­tion in men and in­crease the risk of in­fer­til­ity in women. AL­CO­HOL Even moder­ate drink­ing can af­fect your chances of get­ting preg­nant. Too much al­co­hol can lower testos­terone lev­els and sperm qual­ity and quan­tity in men. It can also re­duce li­bido and cause im­po­tence. EMO­TIONAL FAC­TORS De­pres­sion and stress may wreak havoc with your hor­mones and af­fect ovu­la­tion and sperm pro­duc­tion. EN­VI­RON­MEN­TAL RISKS Cer­tain chem­i­cals and en­vi­ron­men­tal pol­lu­tants such as lead can cause fer­til­ity prob­lems. Chemo­ther­apy and x-ray ther­apy for can­cer can be toxic. High tem­per­a­tures can also af­fect sperm pro­duc­tion. SEX­UAL AC­TIV­ITY If you have many part­ners and don’t use pro­tec­tion, you in­crease your risk of sex­u­ally trans­mit­ted dis­eases, which can cause in­fer­til­ity in both men and women.

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