They are often combined and can include:
Surgery – this is the most common treatment for all stages of colon cancer.
Cryosurgery – using extreme cold, usually from liquid nitrogen, to kill abnormal tissue.
Chemotherapy – drugs stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
Radiofrequency ablation – a procedure involving an electrical current to heat up a small area of nerve tissue, decreasing pain signals from that specific area.
Radiation therapy – high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation are used to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
Targeted therapy, immunotherapy and monoclonal antibodies – drugs or other substances identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells.