Less than $100. decode
Imagine going to the doctor and receiving a unique medicine that had been created specifically for your body, with all of its genetic uniqueness. The doctor would also immediately know what to look for in diagnosing you by ruling out things you don’t have a tendency toward and focusing on the clear risks presented by your DNA. This is the age of individual medicine, and a breakthrough made this year has paved the way for it.
In 2010 I met a team at IBM’s Thomas J Watson Research Center that was working on a DNA transistor to map out an individual human genome in less than two hours and at a fraction of the cost that would otherwise be required. It was an ambitious goal and similarly shared by a handful of similar projects underway at the time. This year at the European Society of Human Genetics conference in Milan, a Dutch company called Genalice showed off its technology that can decode the DNA data of an entire human genome with 40 times depth within 30 minutes.
Genalice calls itself a ‘ biomedical big data company’ and has formalised