1. No. A small object like a tee or coin used to mark the drop area isn’t considered equipment
. If it were on the ground for another reason and the ball struck it, you would need to re-drop.
2. Yes. If he doesn’t re-drop properly, it’s a one-shot penalty .
3. No. It’s contrary to the purpose and spirit of the rules . Penalty is loss of hole in match play or two shots in stroke play .
4. No. The ball was in play when it struck the course within the proper area b .
5. Yes, Even if the ball didn’t roll any further than the prescribed distance, such as two club-lengths
c i .
6. Yes. Your arm needs to be at shoulder height a .
7. No. Once he dropped correctly under an applicable rule c , if a re-drop is required, the other options are no longer permitted
8. No. The ball does not have to rest in the zone .
9. Yes c . If a ball rolls to a place where a re-drop is required (e.g., a hazard), you can grab it before it stops, provided it’s likely it would not leave that area.