Mail & Guardian - - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome -

Ab­so­lute Al­co­hol: Refers to the pure ethyl al­co­hol con­tained in an al­co­holic drink and is mea­sured in millil­itres. In South Africa a drink con­tain­ing 10ml of Ab­so­lute Al­co­hol is de­scribed as “one stan­dard drink”:

One stan­dard drink of beer (5% al­co­hol) = 300ml

One stan­dard drink of red/white wine (12% al­co­hol) = 125 ml

One stan­dard drink of brandy/whisky/gin (40% al­co­hol) = 25 ml

Binge Drink­ing: Refers to five or more drinks (us­ing the above-men­tioned as cri­te­ria) dur­ing a two-hour (or less) sit­ting. This is usu­ally pre­ceded by a pe­riod of ab­sti­nence or low al­co­hol in­take, for ex­am­ple no or lit­tle al­co­hol use dur­ing the week fol­lowed by binge drink­ing over the week­end or dur­ing a so­cial event.

WHO Sen­si­ble Drink­ing: If the in­di­vid­ual or his/her fam­ily has no his­tory of ad­dic­tion the fol­low­ing can be used as a guide­line:

Women — no more than one stan­dard drink per day

Men — no more than two stan­dard drinks per day.

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