Absolute Alcohol: Refers to the pure ethyl alcohol contained in an alcoholic drink and is measured in millilitres. In South Africa a drink containing 10ml of Absolute Alcohol is described as “one standard drink”:
One standard drink of beer (5% alcohol) = 300ml
One standard drink of red/white wine (12% alcohol) = 125 ml
One standard drink of brandy/whisky/gin (40% alcohol) = 25 ml
Binge Drinking: Refers to five or more drinks (using the above-mentioned as criteria) during a two-hour (or less) sitting. This is usually preceded by a period of abstinence or low alcohol intake, for example no or little alcohol use during the week followed by binge drinking over the weekend or during a social event.
WHO Sensible Drinking: If the individual or his/her family has no history of addiction the following can be used as a guideline:
Women — no more than one standard drink per day
Men — no more than two standard drinks per day.