EBOLA: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW...

Marie Claire (South Africa) - - YOUR STORY -

Ebola is a rare con­ta­gious and lifethreat­en­ing dis­ease that causes the im­mune sys­tem to go into over­drive, which can lead to se­vere bleed­ing, or­gan fail­ure and death. It kills 25-90% of those in­fected.

It is spread by ex­po­sure to blood or body flu­ids of in­fected symp­to­matic peo­ple, or by touch­ing con­tam­i­nated med­i­cal or pro­tec­tive equip­ment. A per­son is only con­ta­gious after they start feel­ing symp­toms of the virus.

Early symp­toms can ap­pear from two to 21 days after in­fec­tion. Th­ese in­clude headaches, fever, tired­ness, a sore throat and body chills. As the dis­ease pro­gresses, other symp­toms in­clude vom­it­ing, di­ar­rhoea, skin rash and bleed­ing in­ter­nally and ex­ter­nally.

Treat­ment in­volves keep­ing hy­drated, blood trans­fu­sions and treat­ing symp­toms as they present them­selves. There is no vac­cine yet and the best way to guard against in­fec­tion is to avoid ar­eas that are ex­pe­ri­enc­ing out­breaks. Msf.org; De­cidetodonate.co.za

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