YOUR HEALTH What’s causing your nose to bleed
Although nose bleeds are minor, they might require medical attention
ANOSE bleed is when blood vessels in the nose that carry blood to tissues and organs rupture, resulting in blood leaking from the nose. The membranes in the nose get disturbed or dry and form cracks that result in the eruption of the blood vessels. In rare cases, this condition may lead to excessive bleeding. These incidents peak up at ages younger than 10 and older than 50. Although nose bleeds are minor, they may require medical assistance.
WHAT CAUSES A NOSE BLEED?
Nose bleeds can be the result of trauma or injury to your face, such as being involved in a car accident or digging your nose.
In winter, the air tends to be dry and colds are more prominent, which results in the membranes in your nose drying up from the dry air inhaled.
Excessive blowing of your nose increases the build up of pressure, which causes disruptions in your nose, leading to leakage of blood from your nostrils. Nose bleeds can also occur in hot and dry
NOSE BLEEDS CAN BE THE RESULT OF TRAUMA OR INJURY TO YOUR FACE
conditions with low humidity. These unfortunate incidences can be caused by seasonal allergies, as well as climbing up high altitudes.
Those who have issues with high blood pressure and drug abuse suffer nose bleeds more than others.
HOW TO STOP IT
Stay calm and sit up straight with your head sightly forward, this helps to keep the blood from draining down the back of your throat.
Spit out any blood that accumulates in your mouth.
Do not stuff tissue paper, cotton or other material into your nose.
Do not lie down or tilt your head back. Firmly pinch your nostrils by squeezing the soft part of your nose shut.
Apply steady pressure on your nose for at least 10 minutes. Most nose bleeds often stop between 10 to 30 minutes of direct pressure. If it does not stop, consult your doctor immediately.
Apply an ice pack wrapped in a cloth on the cross bridge of your nose to encourage vasoconstriction, (the constriction of blood vessels, which increases blood pressure). This will help to reduce blood leakage.
After the bleeding has stopped, avoid forceful nose blowing, strenuous activity and do not take aspirin or ibuprofen for five to seven days.
For chronic or severe nosebleeds, call your doctor or go to the hospital for evaluation. These nosebleeds may require cauterisation (the burning of a part of a body to remove or close off a part of it), nose packing and occasionally invasive procedures to stop the bleeding.
Nasal sprays should not be used for more than five days because of their ability to worsen nasal congestion.
Nose bleeds are spontaneous incidences that occur at the oddest hour.
However there are some useful tricks to prevent them, such as avoiding excessive hard blowing of your nose, as well as maintaining good hygiene and not digging your nose.
Avoid over using cold and allergy medication, as well as cutting down on smoking as smoking dries up your nostrils.
You can buy a humidifier (a device that increases moisture in a room) to ensure your home contains moist air that will not dry up your nose.
In terms of dietary intake, you are encouraged to drink lots of water to remain hydrated.
If you have high blood pressure, try to manage it by exercising regularly and eating a healthy balanced diet.
Seek immediate medical attention if your nose bleed does not stop, you feel weak and dizzy, if fainting occurs and if the nosebleed is associated with trauma to your face, which could result in loss of consciousness or blurred vision.
Be vigilant as minors tend to push foreign objects up their noses. When a nose bleed is accompanied by a fever or headache in an infant, bring this to your doctor's attention.