THE struc­ture of the foot and how the el­e­ments work to­gether

People (South Africa) - - People Special -

Blood ves­sels

These sup­ply blood to the foot, fa­cil­i­tat­ing mus­cle op­er­a­tion by sup­ply­ing en­ergy and oxy­gen and re­mov­ing de­oxy­genated blood.

Ten­dons (ex­ten­sor dig­i­to­rum longus, among oth­ers)

Fi­brous bands of tis­sue which con­nect mus­cles to bones. They can with­stand a lot of ten­sion and link var­i­ous as­pects of the foot, fa­cil­i­tat­ing move­ment.

Tibia

The larger and stronger of the lower leg bones, this links the knee and the an­kle bones of the foot.

Toes

Ter­mi­nal as­pects of the foot that aid bal­ance by grasp­ing onto the ground. They are the equiv­a­lent of fin­gers in the foot struc­ture.

Mus­cles – in­clud­ing the ex­ten­sor dig­i­to­rum bre­vis mus­cle

Mus­cles within the foot help the foot lift and ar­tic­u­late as nec­es­sary. The ex­ten­sor dig­i­to­rum bre­vis mus­cle sits on the top of the foot, and helps flex dig­its two-four on the foot.

Lig­a­ments

Lig­a­ments sup­port the ten­dons and help to form the arches of the foot, spread­ing weight across it.

Fibula

This bone sits along­side the tibia, also link­ing the knee and the an­kle.

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